Cairo, Egypt’s sprawling capital, is set on the Nile River. Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world. The current capital of Egypt is Cairo. The New Administrative Capital (NAC) (Arabic: العاصمة الإدارية الجديدة) is a large- scale project in Egypt that has been under construction since 2015. Memphis was the ancient capital of Inebu-hedj, the first nome of Lower Egypt. Egypt is best known as the birthplace of civilisation and home to the only surviving ancient.