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# How to compute the?

Examples of percentages are:

Percentages have no dimension. Hence it is called a dimensionless number. If we say, 50% of a number, then it means 50 per cent of its whole.

Percentages can also be represented in decimal or fraction form, such as 0.6%, 0.25%, etc. In academics, the marks obtained in any subject are calculated in terms of percentage. Like, Ram has got 78% of marks in his final exam. So, this percentage is calculated on account of the total marks obtained by Ram, in all subjects to the total marks.

To determine the percentage, we have to divide the value by the total value and then multiply the resultant by 100.

Percentage formula = (Value/Total value) × 100

Example: 2/5 × 100 = 0.4 × 100 = 40 per cent

To calculate the percentage of a number, we need to use a different formula such as:

P% of Number = X

where X is the required percentage.

If we remove the % sign, then we need to express the above formulas as;

P/100 * Number = X

Example: Calculate 10% of 80.

Let 10% of 80 = X

10/100 * 80 = X

X = 8

Also, try out: Percentage Calculator.

If we are given with two values and we need to find the percentage difference between these two values, then it can be done using the formula:

$$\begin{array}{l}Percentage~Difference = \frac{\left|N_{1}-N_{2}\right|}{\left} \times 100\end{array}$$

For example, if 20 and 30 are two different values, then the percentage difference between them will be:

% difference between 20 and 30 = $$\begin{array}{l}Percentage~Difference = \frac{\left|20-30\right|}{\left} \times 100\end{array}$$

The percentage increase is equal to the subtraction of the original number from a new number, divided by the original number and multiplied by 100.

% increase = x 100

where,

increase in number = New number – original number

Similarly, a percentage decrease is equal to the subtraction of a new number from the original number, divided by the original number and multiplied by 100.

% decrease = x 100

Where decrease in number = Original number – New number

So basically if the answer is negative then there is a percentage decrease.

Two quantities are generally expressed on the basis of their ratios. Here, let us understand the concepts of percentage through a few examples in a much better way.

The percentage chart is given here for fractions converted into percentages.

A fraction can be represented by a/b.

Multiplying and dividing the fraction by 100, we have

From the definition of percentage, we have;

(1/100) = 1%

Thus, equation (i) can be written as:

(a/b) × 100%

Therefore, a fraction can be converted to a percentage simply by multiplying the given fraction by 100. Also, read: Ratio To Percentage

Q.1: If 16% of 40% of a number is 8, then find the number.

Solution:

Let X be the required number.

Therefore, as per the given question,

(16/100) × (40/100) × X = 8

So, X = (8 × 100 × 100) / (16 × 40)

= 125

Q.2: What percentage of 2/7 is 1/35 ?

Solution:

Let X% of 2/7 is 1/35.

∴ × X = 1/35

⇒ X = (1/35) × (7/2) × 100

= 10%

Q.3: Which number is 40% less than 90?

Solution:

Required number = 60% of 90

= (90 x 60)/100

= 54

Therefore, the number 54 is 40% less than 90.

Q.4: The sum of (16% of 24.2) and (10% of 2.42) is equal to what value?

Solution:

As per the given question ,

Sum = (16% of 24.2) + (10% of 2.42)

= (24.2 × 16)/100 + (2.42 × 10)/100

= 3.872 + 0.242

= 4.114

Q.1: A fruit seller had some apples. He sells 40% apples and still has 420 apples. Originally, he had how many apples?

Solution:

Let he had N apples, originally.

Now, as per the given question, we have;

(100 – 40)% of N = 420

⇒ (60/100) × N = 420

⇒ N = (420 × 100/60) = 700

Q.2: Out of two numbers, 40% of the greater number is equal to 60% of the smaller. If the sum of the numbers is 150, then the greater number is?

Solution:

Let X be the greater number.

∴ Smaller number = 150 – X {given that the sum of two numbers is 150}

According to the question,

(40 × X)/100 = 60(150 – X)/100

⇒ 2p = 3 × 150 – 3X

⇒ 5X = 3 × 150

⇒ X = 90

The words percentage and percent are related closely to each other.

Percent ( or symbol %) is accompanied by a specific number.

E.g., More than 75% of the participants responded with a positive response to abjure.

The percentage is represented without a number.

E.g., The percentage of the population affected by malaria is between 60% and 65%.

Fractions, Ratios, Percents and Decimals are interrelated with each other. Let us look at the conversion of one form to another:

Every percentage problem has three possible unknowns or variables :

In order to solve any percentage problem, you must be able to identify these variables.

Look at the following examples. All three variables are known:

Example 1: 70% of 30 is 21

70 is the percentage.

30 is the base.

21 is the part.

Example 2: 25% of 200 is 50

25 is the percent.

200 is the base.

50 is the part.

Example 3: 6 is 50% of 12

6 is the part.

50 is the percent.

12 is the base.

To calculate the percentage, we can use the given below tricks.

Example- Prove that 10% of 30 is equal to 30% of 10.

Solution- 10% of 30 = 3

30% of 10 = 3

Therefore, they are equal i.e. x % of y = y % of x holds true.

Students get marks in exams, usually out of 100. The marks are calculated in terms of per cent. If a student has scored out of total marks, then we have to divide the scored marks by total marks and multiply by 100. Let us see some examples here:

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