S.S. Raakhee
About

Posted Questions
No Question(s) posted yet!
Posted Answers
Answer
Try This Code: 662Y1MLRW
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Walmart 15% discount discount code for Mi Redmi 3S Prime MZB4914IN/MZB5167IN Mobile Phone?
Answer
Camp noun (TENTS/BUILDINGS) a place where people stay in tents or other temporary structures: [ U ] We set up camp for the night near a
Answer is posted for the following question.
What does camp mean?
Answer
Try This 40 % discount Code: 8TZ7Q8OAU
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay 100% working discount coupon code for PKYC Women Salwar & Patiala?
Answer
Check This Code: 423RI
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay online purchase discount coupon code for BAJAJ Majesty New SWX 4 Grill Sandwich Toast Kitchen Appliance?
Answer
Van Galis Men Sweatshirts Features Van Galis Full Sleeve Solid Men Sweatshirt.
Use This discount code: 8HSGZS
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Snapdeal 80% discount promotional code for Van Galis Men Sweatshirts?
Answer
Check This Code: UFI7ZNJQ
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay online purchase discount coupon code for Bagstopia Shoulder Bags (For Women)?
Answer
In quantum field theory, the Casimir effect, also known as the Casimir force,[1] is a physical force acting on the macroscopic boundaries of a confined space which arises from the quantum fluctuations of the field. It is named after the Dutch physicist Hendrik Casimir, who predicted the effect for electromagnetic systems in 1948.
In the same year, Casimir together with Dirk Polder described a similar effect experienced by a neutral atom in the vicinity of a macroscopic interface which is referred to as the Casimir–Polder force.[2] Their result is a generalization of the London–van der Waals force and includes retardation due to the finite speed of light. Since the fundamental principles leading to the London–van der Waals force, the Casimir and the Casimir–Polder force, respectively, can be formulated on the same footing,[3][4]
It was not until 1997 that a direct experiment by S. Lamoreaux quantitatively measured the Casimir force to within 5% of the value predicted by the theory.[5]
The Casimir effect can be understood by the idea that the presence of macroscopic material interfaces, such as conducting metals and dielectrics, alters the vacuum expectation value of the energy of the secondquantized electromagnetic field.[6][7] Since the value of this energy depends on the shapes and positions of the materials, the Casimir effect manifests itself as a force between such objects.
Any medium supporting oscillations has an analogue of the Casimir effect. For example, beads on a string[8][9] as well as plates submerged in turbulent water[10] or gas[11] illustrate the Casimir force.
In modern theoretical physics, the Casimir effect plays an important role in the chiral bag model of the nucleon; in applied physics it is significant in some aspects of emerging microtechnologies and nanotechnologies.[12]
The typical example is of two uncharged conductive plates in a vacuum, placed a few nanometers apart. In a classical description, the lack of an external field means that there is no field between the plates, and no force would be measured between them.[13] When this field is instead studied using the quantum electrodynamic vacuum, it is seen that the plates do affect the virtual photons which constitute the field, and generate a net force[14] – either an attraction or a repulsion depending on the specific arrangement of the two plates. Although the Casimir effect can be expressed in terms of virtual particles interacting with the objects, it is best described and more easily calculated in terms of the zeropoint energy of a quantized field in the intervening space between the objects. This force has been measured and is a striking example of an effect captured formally by second quantization.[15][16]
The treatment of boundary conditions in these calculations has led to some controversy. In fact, "Casimir's original goal was to compute the van der Waals force between polarizable molecules" of the conductive plates. Thus it can be interpreted without any reference to the zeropoint energy (vacuum energy) of quantum fields.[17]
Because the strength of the force falls off rapidly with distance, it is measurable only when the distance between the objects is extremely small. On a submicron scale, this force becomes so strong that it becomes the dominant force between uncharged conductors. In fact, at separations of 10 nm – about 100 times the typical size of an atom – the Casimir effect produces the equivalent of about 1 atmosphere of pressure (the precise value depending on surface geometry and other factors).[15]
Dutch physicists Hendrik Casimir and Dirk Polder at Philips Research Labs proposed the existence of a force between two polarizable atoms and between such an atom and a conducting plate in 1947;[2] this special form is called the Casimir–Polder force. After a conversation with Niels Bohr, who suggested it had something to do with zeropoint energy, Casimir alone formulated the theory predicting a force between neutral conducting plates in 1948.[18] This latter phenomenon is called the Casimir effect in the narrow sense.
Predictions of the force were later extended to finiteconductivity metals and dielectrics, and recent calculations have considered more general geometries. Experiments before 1997 had observed the force qualitatively, and indirect validation of the predicted Casimir energy had been made by measuring the thickness of liquid helium films. However, it was not until 1997 that a direct experiment by S. Lamoreaux quantitatively measured the force to within 5% of the value predicted by the theory.[5] Subsequent experiments approach an accuracy of a few percent.
The causes of the Casimir effect are described by quantum field theory, which states that all of the various fundamental fields, such as the electromagnetic field, must be quantized at each and every point in space. In a simplified view, a "field" in physics may be envisioned as if space were filled with interconnected vibrating balls and springs, and the strength of the field can be visualized as the displacement of a ball from its rest position. Vibrations in this field propagate and are governed by the appropriate wave equation for the particular field in question. The second quantization of quantum field theory requires that each such ballspring combination be quantized, that is, that the strength of the field be quantized at each point in space. At the most basic level, the field at each point in space is a simple harmonic oscillator, and its quantization places a quantum harmonic oscillator at each point. Excitations of the field correspond to the elementary particles of particle physics. However, even the vacuum has a vastly complex structure, so all calculations of quantum field theory must be made in relation to this model of the vacuum.
The vacuum has, implicitly, all of the properties that a particle may have: spin,[19] or polarization in the case of light, energy, and so on. On average, most of these properties cancel out: the vacuum is, after all, "empty" in this sense. One important exception is the vacuum energy or the vacuum expectation value of the energy. The quantization of a simple harmonic oscillator states that the lowest possible energy or zeropoint energy that such an oscillator may have is
Summing over all possible oscillators at all points in space gives an infinite quantity. Since only differences in energy are physically measurable (with the notable exception of gravitation, which remains beyond the scope of quantum field theory), this infinity may be considered a feature of the mathematics rather than of the physics. This argument is the underpinning of the theory of renormalization. Dealing with infinite quantities in this way was a cause of widespread unease among quantum field theorists before the development in the 1970s of the renormalization group, a mathematical formalism for scale transformations that provides a natural basis for the process.
When the scope of the physics is widened to include gravity, the interpretation of this formally infinite quantity remains problematic. There is currently no compelling explanation as to why it should not result in a cosmological constant that is many orders of magnitude larger than observed.[20] However, since we do not yet have any fully coherent quantum theory of gravity, there is likewise no compelling reason as to why it should instead actually result in the value of the cosmological constant that we observe.[21]
The Casimir effect for fermions can be understood as the spectral asymmetry of the fermion operator (−1)F, where it is known as the Witten index.
Alternatively, a 2005 paper by Robert Jaffe of MIT states that "Casimir effects can be formulated and Casimir forces can be computed without reference to zeropoint energies. They are relativistic, quantum forces between charges and currents. The Casimir force (per unit area) between parallel plates vanishes as alpha, the fine structure constant, goes to zero, and the standard result, which appears to be independent of alpha, corresponds to the alpha approaching infinity limit", and that "The Casimir force is simply the (relativistic, retarded) van der Waals force between the metal plates."[17] Casimir and Polder's original paper used this method to derive the Casimir–Polder force. In 1978, Schwinger, DeRadd, and Milton published a similar derivation for the Casimir effect between two parallel plates.[22] More recently, Nikolic proved from first principles of quantum electrodynamics that the Casimir force does not originate from the vacuum energy of the electromagnetic field,[23] and explained in simple terms why the fundamental microscopic origin of Casimir force lies in van der Waals forces.[24]
Casimir's observation was that the secondquantized quantum electromagnetic field, in the presence of bulk bodies such as metals or dielectrics, must obey the same boundary conditions that the classical electromagnetic field must obey. In particular, this affects the calculation of the vacuum energy in the presence of a conductor or dielectric.
Consider, for example, the calculation of the vacuum expectation value of the electromagnetic field inside a metal cavity, such as, for example, a radar cavity or a microwave waveguide. In this case, the correct way to find the zeropoint energy of the field is to sum the energies of the standing waves of the cavity. To each and every possible standing wave corresponds an energy; say the energy of the nth standing wave is En. The vacuum expectation value of the energy of the electromagnetic field in the cavity is then
with the sum running over all possible values of n enumerating the standing waves. The factor of 1/2 is present because the zeropoint energy of the nth mode is 1/2En, where En is the energy increment for the nth mode. (It is the same 1/2 as appears in the equation E = 1/2ħω.) Written in this way, this sum is clearly divergent; however, it can be used to create finite expressions.
In particular, one may ask how the zeropoint energy depends on the shape s of the cavity. Each energy level En depends on the shape, and so one should write En(s) for the energy level, and ⟨E(s)⟩ for the vacuum expectation value. At this point comes an important observation: The force at point p on the wall of the cavity is equal to the change in the vacuum energy if the shape s of the wall is perturbed a little bit, say by δs, at p. That is, one has
This value is finite in many practical calculations.[25]
Attraction between the plates can be easily understood by focusing on the onedimensional situation. Suppose that a moveable conductive plate is positioned at a short distance a from one of two widely separated plates (distance l apart). With a ≪ l, the states within the slot of width a are highly constrained so that the energy E of any one mode is widely separated from that of the next. This is not the case in the large region l where there is a large number of states (about l/a) with energy evenly spaced between E and the next mode in the narrow slot, or in other words, all slightly larger than E. Now on shortening a by an amount da (which is negative), the mode in the narrow slot shrinks in wavelength and therefore increases in energy proportional to −da/a, whereas all the l/a states that lie in the large region lengthen and correspondingly decrease their energy by an amount proportional to −da/l (note the different denominator). The two effects nearly cancel, but the net change is slightly negative, because the energy of all the l/a modes in the large region are slightly larger than the single mode in the slot. Thus the force is attractive: it tends to make a slightly smaller, the plates drawing each other closer, across the thin slot.
In the original calculation done by Casimir, he considered the space between a pair of conducting metal plates at distance a apart. In this case, the standing waves are particularly easy to calculate, because the transverse component of the electric field and the normal component of the magnetic field must vanish on the surface of a conductor. Assuming the plates lie parallel to the xyplane, the standing waves are
where ψ stands for the electric component of the electromagnetic field, and, for brevity, the polarization and the magnetic components are ignored here. Here, kx and ky are the wavenumbers in directions parallel to the plates, and
is the wavenumber perpendicular to the plates. Here, n is an integer, resulting from the requirement that ψ vanish on the metal plates. The frequency of this wave is
where c is the speed of light. The vacuum energy is then the sum over all possible excitation modes. Since the area of the plates is large, we may sum by integrating over two of the dimensions in kspace. The assumption of periodic boundary conditions yields,
where A is the area of the metal plates, and a factor of 2 is introduced for the two possible polarizations of the wave. This expression is clearly infinite, and to proceed with the calculation, it is convenient to introduce a regulator (discussed in greater detail below). The regulator will serve to make the expression finite, and in the end will be removed. The zetaregulated version of the energy per unitarea of the plate is
In the end, the limit s → 0 is to be taken. Here s is just a complex number, not to be confused with the shape discussed previously. This integral sum is finite for s real and larger than 3. The sum has a pole at s = 3, but may be analytically continued to s = 0, where the expression is finite. The above expression simplifies to:
where polar coordinates q2 = kx2 + ky2 were introduced to turn the double integral into a single integral. The q in front is the Jacobian, and the 2π comes from the angular integration. The integral converges if Re(s) > 3, resulting in
The sum diverges at s in the neighborhood of zero, but if the damping of largefrequency excitations corresponding to analytic continuation of the Riemann zeta function to s = 0 is assumed to make sense physically in some way, then one has
But ζ(−3) = 1/120 and so one obtains
The analytic continuation has evidently lost an additive positive infinity, somehow exactly accounting for the zeropoint energy (not included above) outside the slot between the plates, but which changes upon plate movement within a closed system. The Casimir force per unit area Fc/A for idealized, perfectly conducting plates with vacuum between them is
where
The force is negative, indicating that the force is attractive: by moving the two plates closer together, the energy is lowered. The presence of ħ shows that the Casimir force per unit area Fc/A is very small, and that furthermore, the force is inherently of quantummechanical origin.
By integrating the equation above it is possible to calculate the energy required to separate to infinity the two plates as:
where
In Casimir's original derivation,[18] a moveable conductive plate is positioned at a short distance a from one of two widely separated plates (distance L apart). The zeropoint energy on both sides of the plate is considered. Instead of the above ad hoc analytic continuation assumption, nonconvergent sums and integrals are computed using Euler–Maclaurin summation with a regularizing function (e.g., exponential regularization) not so anomalous as ωn−s in the above.[26]
Casimir's analysis of idealized metal plates was generalized to arbitrary dielectric and realistic metal plates by Evgeny Lifshitz and his students.[3][27] Using this approach, complications of the bounding surfaces, such as the modifications to the Casimir force due to finite conductivity, can be calculated numerically using the tabulated complex dielectric functions of the bounding materials. Lifshitz's theory for two metal plates reduces to Casimir's idealized 1/a4 force law for large separations a much greater than the skin depth of the metal, and conversely reduces to the 1/a3 force law of the London dispersion force (with a coefficient called a Hamaker constant) for small a, with a more complicated dependence on a for intermediate separations determined by the dispersion of the materials.[28]
Lifshitz's result was subsequently generalized to arbitrary multilayer planar geometries as well as to anisotropic and magnetic materials, but for several decades the calculation of Casimir forces for nonplanar geometries remained limited to a few idealized cases admitting analytical solutions.[29] For example, the force in the experimental sphere–plate geometry was computed with an approximation (due to Derjaguin) that the sphere radius R is much larger than the separation a, in which case the nearby surfaces are nearly parallel and the parallelplate result can be adapted to obtain an approximate R/a3 force (neglecting both skindepth and higherorder curvature effects).[29][30] However, in the 2000s a number of authors developed and demonstrated a variety of numerical techniques, in many cases adapted from classical computational electromagnetics, that are capable of accurately calculating Casimir forces for arbitrary geometries and materials, from simple finitesize effects of finite plates to more complicated phenomena arising for patterned surfaces or objects of various shapes.[29][31]
One of the first experimental tests was conducted by Marcus Sparnaay at Philips in Eindhoven (Netherlands), in 1958, in a delicate and difficult experiment with parallel plates, obtaining results not in contradiction with the Casimir theory,[32][33] but with large experimental errors.
The Casimir effect was measured more accurately in 1997 by Steve K. Lamoreaux of Los Alamos National Laboratory,[5] and by Umar Mohideen and Anushree Roy of the University of California, Riverside.[34] In practice, rather than using two parallel plates, which would require phenomenally accurate alignment to ensure they were parallel, the experiments use one plate that is flat and another plate that is a part of a sphere with a very large radius.
In 2001, a group (Giacomo Bressi, Gianni Carugno, Roberto Onofrio and Giuseppe Ruoso) at the University of Padua (Italy) finally succeeded in measuring the Casimir force between parallel plates using microresonators.[35]
In 2013, a conglomerate of scientists from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, University of Florida, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory demonstrated a compact integrated silicon chip that can measure the Casimir force.[36] The integrated chip defined by electronbeam lithography does not need extra alignment, making it an ideal platform for measuring Casimir force between complex geometries. In 2017 and 2021, the same group from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology demonstrated the nonmonotonic Casimir force[37] and distanceindependent Casimir force,[38] respectively, using this onchip platform.
In order to be able to perform calculations in the general case, it is convenient to introduce a regulator in the summations. This is an artificial device, used to make the sums finite so that they can be more easily manipulated, followed by the taking of a limit so as to remove the regulator.
The heat kernel or exponentially regulated sum is
where the limit t → 0+ is taken in the end. The divergence of the sum is typically manifested as
for threedimensional cavities. The infinite part of the sum is associated with the bulk constant C which does not depend on the shape of the cavity. The interesting part of the sum is the finite part, which is shapedependent. The Gaussian regulator
is better suited to numerical calculations because of its superior convergence properties, but is more difficult to use in theoretical calculations. Other, suitably smooth, regulators may be used as well. The zeta function regulator
is completely unsuited for numerical calculations, but is quite useful in theoretical calculations. In particular, divergences show up as poles in the complex s plane, with the bulk divergence at s = 4. This sum may be analytically continued past this pole, to obtain a finite part at s = 0.
Not every cavity configuration necessarily leads to a finite part (the lack of a pole at s = 0) or shapeindependent infinite parts. In this case, it should be understood that additional physics has to be taken into account. In particular, at extremely large frequencies (above the plasma frequency), metals become transparent to photons (such as Xrays), and dielectrics show a frequencydependent cutoff as well. This frequency dependence acts as a natural regulator. There are a variety of bulk effects in solid state physics, mathematically very similar to the Casimir effect, where the cutoff frequency comes into explicit play to keep expressions finite. (These are discussed in greater detail in Landau and Lifshitz, "Theory of Continuous Media".[citation needed])
The Casimir effect can also be computed using the mathematical mechanisms of functional integrals of quantum field theory, although such calculations are considerably more abstract, and thus difficult to comprehend. In addition, they can be carried out only for the simplest of geometries. However, the formalism of quantum field theory makes it clear that the vacuum expectation value summations are in a certain sense summations over socalled "virtual particles".
More interesting is the understanding that the sums over the energies of standing waves should be formally understood as sums over the eigenvalues of a Hamiltonian. This allows atomic and molecular effects, such as the Van der Waals force, to be understood as a variation on the theme of the Casimir effect. Thus one considers the Hamiltonian of a system as a function of the arrangement of objects, such as atoms, in configuration space. The change in the zeropoint energy as a function of changes of the configuration can be understood to result in forces acting between the objects.
In the chiral bag model of the nucleon, the Casimir energy plays an important role in showing the mass of the nucleon is independent of the bag radius. In addition, the spectral asymmetry is interpreted as a nonzero vacuum expectation value of the baryon number, cancelling the topological winding number of the pion field surrounding the nucleon.
A "pseudoCasimir" effect can be found in liquid crystal systems, where the boundary conditions imposed through anchoring by rigid walls give rise to a longrange force, analogous to the force that arises between conducting plates.[39]
The dynamical Casimir effect is the production of particles and energy from an accelerated moving mirror. This reaction was predicted by certain numerical solutions to quantum mechanics equations made in the 1970s.[40] In May 2011 an announcement was made by researchers at the Chalmers University of Technology, in Gothenburg, Sweden, of the detection of the dynamical Casimir effect. In their experiment, microwave photons were generated out of the vacuum in a superconducting microwave resonator. These researchers used a modified SQUID to change the effective length of the resonator in time, mimicking a mirror moving at the required relativistic velocity. If confirmed this would be the first experimental verification of the dynamical Casimir effect.[41][42] In March 2013 an article appeared on the PNAS scientific journal describing an experiment that demonstrated the dynamical Casimir effect in a Josephson metamaterial.[43] In July 2019 an article was published describing an experiment providing evidence of optical dynamical Casimir effect in a dispersionoscillating fibre.[44] In 2020, Frank Wilczek et al., resolved the information loss paradox associated with the moving mirror model of the dynamical Casimir effect.[45]
A similar analysis can be used to explain Hawking radiation that causes the slow "evaporation" of black holes (although this is generally visualized as the escape of one particle from a virtual particle–antiparticle pair, the other particle having been captured by the black hole).[46]
Constructed within the framework of quantum field theory in curved spacetime, the dynamical Casimir effect has been used to better understand acceleration radiation such as the DaviesFullingUnruh effect.[citation needed]
There are few instances wherein the Casimir effect can give rise to repulsive forces between uncharged objects. Evgeny Lifshitz showed (theoretically) that in certain circumstances (most commonly involving liquids), repulsive forces can arise.[47] This has sparked interest in applications of the Casimir effect toward the development of levitating devices. An experimental demonstration of the Casimirbased repulsion predicted by Lifshitz was carried out by Munday et al.[48] who described it as "quantum levitation". Other scientists have also suggested the use of gain media to achieve a similar levitation effect,[49][50] though this is controversial because these materials seem to violate fundamental causality constraints and the requirement of thermodynamic equilibrium (Kramers–Kronig relations). Casimir and Casimir–Polder repulsion can in fact occur for sufficiently anisotropic electrical bodies; for a review of the issues involved with repulsion see Milton et al.[51] A notable recent development on repulsive Casimir forces relies on using chiral materials. Q.D. Jiang at Stockholm University and Nobel Laureate Frank Wilczek at MIT show that chiral "lubricant" can generate repulsive, enhanced, and tunable Casimir interactions.[52]
Timothy Boyer showed in his work published in 1968[53] that a conductor with spherical symmetry will also show this repulsive force, and the result is independent of radius. Further work shows that the repulsive force can be generated with materials of carefully chosen dielectrics.[54]
It has been suggested that the Casimir forces have application in nanotechnology,[55] in particular silicon integrated circuit technology based micro and nanoelectromechanical systems, and socalled Casimir oscillators.[56]
The Casimir effect shows that quantum field theory allows the energy density in certain regions of space to be negative relative to the ordinary vacuum energy, and it has been shown theoretically that quantum field theory allows states where the energy can be arbitrarily negative at a given point.[57] Many prominent physicists such as Stephen Hawking,[58] Kip Thorne,[59] and others[60][61][62] therefore argue that such effects might make it possible to stabilize a traversable wormhole.
Answer is posted for the following question.
Answer
Try This 70 % discount Code: 16ICIBEMRZ
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay price cut code for online buy for REXONA Casual Shoes (For Women)?
Answer
Check This Code: WOS2D
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Flipkart first time buy discount on purchase code for United Colors of Benetton Clutches?
Answer
DATE, OPPONENT, RESULT, WL (CONF), Hi Points, Hi Rebounds, Hi Assists. Men's Basketball Championship  East Region  1st Round. Sat, 3/20. vs TXSO
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is u of m basketball record?
Answer
Try This 40 % discount Code: 4GG
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Walmart discount code for NT Women Top?
Answer
Check This Code: PFXZ7GHHL3
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Flipkart 55% discount first time code for Wellberg Upper/Lower/Both and Automatic Timer Regulator System Electric Tandoor with Gifts Electric Tandoor Kitchen Appliance?
Answer
Try This 30 % discount Code: WYVKJW0RL9
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Flipkart promotional offer discount code for Stylum Women Ethnic Sets & Salwar Suits?
Answer
1:30"Learn how to estimate the fuel needed to return your UHaul Moving Truck Rental. When returning your" · Uploaded by UHaul"Missing: ez sales
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is ez fuel sales u haul?
Answer
Try This 30 % discount Code: E755K
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Snapdeal promotional offer discount code for Belle Non Slip Bras?
Answer
Try This 30 % discount Code: TBYBZ8
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Amazon online purchase coupon code for VAASTRA Dresses?
Answer
Heavy duty mass gainer · Over 1250 calories per serving · Increases muscle size and strength · With added performance stack · All in one heavy duty mass gainer
Answer is posted for the following question.
How to use npl hyper gain?
Answer
S M MANIA Bellies (For Women) Features S M MANIA Bellies For Women(White, Black).
Use This 50 % discount code: G7HR70VVT
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay online purchase coupon code for S M MANIA Bellies (For Women)?
Answer
How to Activate ? · Download the MyFASTag app available on both Google Play Store for Android users and the App Store for iOS users · Once you
Answer is posted for the following question.
How to create nhai prepaid wallet?
Answer
Check This Code: PXG91G
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Amazon 80% discount promotional code for TRUELY HELEZ TILTING Wet Grinder Kitchen Appliance?
Answer
Check This Code: ZHQVUXWF5
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay promotional offer discount code for Present Mart Card Holders?
Answer
Try This Code: OER0M8
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Flipkart coupon code for online offers for Tecno Spark go 2021 KE5 Mobile Phone?
Answer
Try This 30 % discount Code: F4PNU
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Amazon 100% working discount coupon code for AntigravityPlanet Women Trousers?
Answer
On a Windows PC, rightclick the file, click "Properties", then look under “Type of File.” On a Mac computer, rightclick the file, click “More Info,” then look under “Kind”. Tip: If it's the BFX file extension, it probably falls under the Data Files type, so any program used for Data Files should open your BFX file.
Answer is posted for the following question.
How to open bfx file?
Answer
Check This Code: 7UAVT
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay price cut code for online buy for Premier Wonder Grinder 1.5Ltr\230V PG 503 230 W Mixer Grinder Kitchen Appliance?
Answer
Canberra Executive Apartments
Address: 240 Bunda St, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Answer is posted for the following question.
Would you suggest best buildings in Canberra, Australia?
Answer
Check This Code: FDM
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Amazon code for first time purchase for mahavir Eco products 350 W EGG BEATER WHITE TC 350 W Hand Blender Kitchen Appliance?
Answer
Try This Code: 19TRN87T29
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Amazon 50% discount first time promotional code for ATHLETIQO Men Tshirt?
Answer
Check This Code: WMJ
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Amazon first time buy coupon code for USHA JC 3260 600 W Juicer Kitchen Appliance?
Answer
Try This 80 % discount Code: 5XIX4J4OUO
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Amazon coupon code for online offers for Elle Bellies (For Women)?
Answer
Try This Code: I2HTIIEYV
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Snapdeal first time purchase discount code for Forme W50 Mobile Phone?
Answer
To permanently save your application to your computer hard drive or a disk, select the “Save Application to File” button Then, click the “Save” button on the File Download window Identify a place on your computer to save the application, browse to that location, and click the “Save” button on the “Save As” window
Answer is posted for the following question.
How to save ds160 as pdf?
Answer
Check This Code: 3CKKIHC
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Walmart coupon code for online purchase for Vpllex Travel Pouches?
Answer
The laptop bag is made of high quality polyester fiber fabric , antishock, waterproof and wearresistant What's more, the laptop bag is made of premium quality
Answer is posted for the following question.
What material are laptop bags made from?
Answer
 Copy the HLS video URL from browser address bar
 Run Free HD Video Converter Factory and open "Downloader", then click "New Download" button
 Press "Paste and Analyze" button to parse HLS video URL
 Specify an output destination, lastly, hit "Download All" button to download HLS videos
Answer is posted for the following question.
How to download hls stream?
Answer
Click on this and players will have the full list of the DLC items available Once players have claimed the DLC items\preorder bonus, they can
Answer is posted for the following question.
How to equip dlc monster hunter rise?
Answer
Try This Code: WKN
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Walmart 70% discount offer code for bazolko Jeans?
Answer
Mehta Milos makeup academy
Jaipur, Rajasthan
Answer is posted for the following question.
Please assist me to find out the best Makeup Academy in Jaipur, Rajasthan?
Answer
Try This 40 % discount Code: 038
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay 100% working discount coupon code for Gruit Leggings?
Answer
Try This Code: 68MI9
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay 40% discount code for Hicode Socks?
Answer
Try This Code: LS758X5
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Flipkart 18% discount code for VROVA CERA SOCKS Socks?
Answer
Roadster Formal Shoes (For Women) Features Roadster Casuals For Women(Brown).
Use This discount code: N4EIZDUF
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Amazon 85% discount promotional code for Roadster Formal Shoes (For Women)?
Answer
How to say vaegir in English? Pronunciation of vaegir with 1 audio pronunciation, 1 meaning and more for vaegir."Rating: 5 · Review by Lorena Hudson"Missing: uxkhal?  Must include: uxkhal?
Answer is posted for the following question.
How to pronounce uxkhal?
Answer
Try This 40 % discount Code: MH5
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Flipkart code for discount for Prom Girl Kurtis?
Answer
Check This Code: ZAIUXTX5
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay 10% discount coupon code for WOLBLIX Electronic Digital 7 Kg Weight Scale Lcd Kitchen Weight Scale Weighing Scale Kitchen Appliance?
Answer
Try This 20 % discount Code: O0H
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay concession code for MIRICHI Women Sweatshirts?
Answer
Check This Code: 6TMXEHOMT3
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Snapdeal offer promotional coupon code for discount on purchase for Rotek Hand Blender 21 0 Hand Blender Kitchen Appliance?
Answer
Tagve Socks Features Tagve Men & Women Solid Ankle Length(Pack of 2).
Use This 40 % discount code: 6EB3DD
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay first time buy offer code for Tagve Socks?
Answer
Try This Code: U213LSTZ
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay 85% discount promotional code for SAMSUNG Galaxy Note 4 SMN910GZWEINS/INU Mobile Phone?
Answer
SHREE HARI PRINT Women Top Features SHREE HARI PRINT Party Flared Sleeve Solid Women Blue Top.
Use This 40 % discount code: TLECMOE
Answer is posted for the following question.
What is the Ebay 100% working discount coupon code for SHREE HARI PRINT Women Top?