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Gazoz, from the French “eau gazeuse” for sparkling water, became so popular in the 1960s and 1970s that it continues to creep into novels and films set in those bygone decades. The Nobel laureate Orhan Pamuk conveyed the nation’s affection for these fruit-infused sodas in “Museum of Innocence,” a nostalgic novel on love, and exhibits replicas of the iconic Meltem bottles in the actual Museum of Innocence, “in memory of our optimism and the happy-go-lucky spirit of the day.” The filmmaker and actor Cem Yilmaz uses it as a symbol of tolerance and adolescent idealism in his 2016 movie “Gazoz for Iftar.”

Traditionally, gazoz has been produced and consumed locally, creating and evoking strong connections to its place of origin. In the drink's heyday, every town of Anatolia had a brand or two of its own, made distinctively unique by an original mix of mineral water from its soil and flavors and smells from lemon, ginger, raspberry, gum mastic, and bitter almond, and other edibles. Locally made gazoz eventually came face-to-face with national and international competition.

A handful of national producers, among them Uludag Icecek, Nigde, and Camlica, emerged, selling the drink everywhere, including abroad, while popular foreign brands also found their way onto supermarkets shelves and into corner grocers. The competition was ultimately a losing one for everyone, as gazoz fell victim to carbonated drinks sold around the world.

Uludag Icecek was one of the first companies to recognize the nostalgic value of gazoz. In 2003, it brought back its old, stylish bottle, with a campaign recalling the first mass-produced gazoz from 1932 and its special formula. According to Uludag, gazoz consumption in Turkey totals 483.4 million liters a year, excluding orange gazoz (an Orangina equivalent), which stands at 792.6 million liters. Combined total consumption thus exceeds a remarkable 1 billion liters. Meanwhile Uludag Icecek exports around 33 million liters of gazoz a year.

The wave of nostalgia hit Istanbul around the early 2000s, when a few boutique cafes — Avam in central Beyoglu and Hurma and Kibrit Kutusu on the Asian side of the Bosphorus — began offering a small assortment of obscure artisanal product brands from the Aegean region and southeastern Anatolia. Since 2015, that first drop of local gazoz has become a deluge of more than 100 incarnations in new, hip spots around the city.

Two friends, Anil Karacaer and Mahmut Sakli, jumped on the trend, opening Sevda Gazozcusu, first in Vefa and then in Balat. “We chose these historical neighborhoods because they are in line with our concept based on reviving traditions and on our past,” Karacaer told Al-Monitor.

Ecstatic fanatics and curious passersby at Sevda Gazozcusu request drinks with savors associated with particular localities. For those with a sense of adventure, Anil and Mahmut are happy to oblige, leading them on a journey of discovery that starts in their fridge. Always drink cold! Their mini-shops are stocked with more than 130 varieties of gazoz from every corner of Turkey, half of them personally selected. Among some of the more unusual flavors are coconut, chocolate and dates.

Unlike Sevda Gazozcusu, where there is no place to sit and sip, Gazoz Kapaa, in downtown Capa, offers a more relaxed tasting session. Owner Tansel Cuneyt Guler is enthusiastic about some of the new brands his shop offers.

“The ingredients they use are natural and of better quality than in the past, such as beetroot sugar,” he told Al-Monitor, explaining that he travels around Anatolia in pursuit of deserving novelties.

Kapaa offers an extensive selection and proposes pairings with food, catering mostly to students. “They are not well informed about gazoz,” he remarked. “They usually drink those of their hometown. They identify with it.”

Meanwhile, Ahmet Sav of Gazozname, told Al-Monitor, “Gazoz is in my family and in my veins.” Sav became a distributor in 2014, initially by bringing local drinks to a few, select cafes in Istanbul. There are now more than 100 cafes on his client list, a few in other cities as well.

The grandson of a gazoz maker, Sav was convinced that demand would take off. “I knew that the craving for gazoz was already there, in the subconscious of many people,” he said. He was proved right.

In 2015, Sav opened his own unassuming cafe to sell gazoz in Uskudar and observe the reactions and preferences of his customers. He also now sells to businesses and individuals online.

The main problem with gazoz is that distribution of local production is a complicated and expensive business. Big names dominate the market, leaving only 7-8% to all the others, Sav said.

Answer is posted for the following question.

What is gazoz?


"All of Me" is a song by American singer John Legend from his fourth studio album Love in the Future (2013). It is dedicated to Legend's wife Chrissy Teigen. "All of Me" first aired on American mainstream urban radio as the album's third single on August 12, 2013.

On the week ending May 26, 2014, it peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming his first number-one single in the United States. It knocked off "Happy" by Pharrell Williams, which had spent 10 weeks at number one. The song peaked at number two in the United Kingdom, South Africa and New Zealand and topped the charts in Australia, Canada, Ireland, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and the Netherlands. It became the second best-selling song of 2014 in the United States with 4.67 million copies sold for the year,[1] as well as the third best-selling song in the United Kingdom.[2] "All of Me" was the third best-selling song of 2014 with 12.3 million equivalent-units worldwide (sales plus streaming), according to the IFPI.[3]

A remix of the song (Tiësto's Birthday Treatment remix), featuring EDM artist Tiësto, was released in January 2014 and won the 2015 Grammy Award for Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical, while another remix was done in March of that year by trance artist Dash Berlin. A live version of the song was nominated for Best Pop Solo Performance, losing to Williams' "Happy".[4]

"All of Me" is a tender piano ballad, which was inspired by his then-fiancée, now wife, model Chrissy Teigen.[5] The couple met in 2007 on the set of his video for "Stereo". They were then married on September 14, 2013.[6] The song was produced by Dave Tozer and Legend himself.[7] It is a simple, modest proposal set against delicate keys.[8]

Musically, according to the sheet music published at by Gad Songs and John Legend Publishing, "All of Me" is written in the key of A♭ major with a slow tempo of 120 beats per minute. Legend's vocals span from C3 to B♭4.[9]

In June 2013, Legend premiered "All of Me" during a performance on Oprah Winfrey's Oprah's Next Chapter.[10] On August 6, 2013, the full song was released to iTunes along with the pre-order for Love in the Future.[5][11] "All of Me" impacted American mainstream urban radio as the third single from Love in the Future on August 12, 2013.[12]

Dutch electronic producer Tiësto released a remix of the song in January 2014.[4] A country-influenced duet version of "All of Me" with Jennifer Nettles, featuring Hunter Hayes on guitar, was released in June 2014.[13]

After being stationary at number two for six weeks, "All of Me" finally reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 on the chart dated May 17, 2014. This was Legend's first Hot 100 number one single, almost 10 years since his first appearance on the chart. That was the longest wait for an artist's first number-one song from their first chart appearance since Snoop Dogg waited 10 years and 10 months for his.[14][15] "All of Me" became the second best-selling song of 2014 in the United States with 4.67 million copies sold for the year. The song spent three weeks at number one before being dethroned by Iggy Azalea's "Fancy" featuring Charli XCX.[1] Additionally, "All of Me" spent 23 consecutive weeks in the Billboard Hot 100's top 10 and spent an overall 59 non-consecutive weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.[16] As of April 2016, "All of Me" has sold 5,878,000 copies cumulatively in the United States.[17]

In the United Kingdom, "All of Me" peaked at number two on the UK Singles Chart,[18] and it became the third best-selling song of 2014 in the UK.[2] As of February 2016, the song has sold 1.18 million copies in the UK.[19]

"All of Me" was met with generally positive reviews from music critics. Ken Capobianco of The Boston Globe named the song the album's "essential track".[20] Ryan Patrick of Exclaim! said the song, shows "Legend's current commercially friendly, sentimental sound."[21] Jon Dolan of Rolling Stone called the song a "mountainous piano crusher".[22] Julia Leconte of NOW stated that Legend's voice shines in the song.[23] Molloy Woodcraft of The Guardian also praised Legend's vocal talents on the song.[24] A live rendition of the song was nominated for Grammy Award for Best Pop Solo Performance at the 57th Annual Grammy Awards.

On August 20, 2013, Legend performed the song live on the Late Show with David Letterman.[8] On August 27, 2013, Legend performed the song at The Box in New York City.[25] On September 2, 2013, Legend performed the song on Jimmy Kimmel Live! along with the album's second single "Made to Love".[26] On October 10, 2013, Legend performed the song during his appearance on The Wendy Williams Show.[27] The song was performed by Legend at the 56th Grammy Awards on January 26, 2014.[28] The song was also performed as a duet with Taylor Swift during her 1989 World Tour.[citation needed]

The song's music video was shot in Italy just days before Legend's wedding, featuring his fiancée, model Chrissy Teigen.[29] The video ends with footage from their actual wedding in Lake Como, Italy.[30][31] On September 12, 2013, the first image from the music video was released.[32] On October 2, 2013, the full version of the Nabil Elderkin-directed black and white music video for "All of Me" was released.[30][33][34] The video was meant to bring the relationship full circle, as he chose the man who originally introduced them to each other, Elderkin, to direct it.[29][35]

A duet version of the song with accompanying music video was filmed with violinist Lindsey Stirling and released on YouTube on October 26, 2013.[36]

In November 2015, the YouTube video's title mysteriously changed from 'All of Me' to 'One Last Time' and then changed back.[37] The same happened on Spotify[38][39] and Google Play.[40] There has been no explanation for this incident.

As of April 2022, the music video has received over 2.1 billion views and over 10 million likes on YouTube.[41]

Answer is posted for the following question.

Why all to me?


XML Publisher report data definitions and data template you can use the below delete scripts to delete those entries from Oracle and the

Answer is posted for the following question.

How to delete xml template in oracle apps?


  1. Insert a bootable Linux USB drive
  2. Click the start menu
  3. Then hold down the SHIFT key while clicking Restart
  4. Then select Use a Device
  5. Find your device in the list
  6. Your computer will now boot Linux
  7. Select Install Linux
  8. Go through the installation process

Answer is posted for the following question.

Install linux?