Keith Allen Raniere, also known as Vanguard, is an American convicted felon and the founder of NXIVM, a multi-level marketing company and cult based near Albany, New York. The company has been widely described as a cult, and is alleged to have been a recruiting platform for a secret. NXIVM, an organization that allegedly brainwashed and blackmailed women into being “sex slaves,” has crumbled in the past year. The ESPs were marketed as a set of personal and professional development courses which taught strategies for participants to overcome their “. The nine-part series, directed by The Great Hack filmmakers Jehane Noujaim and Karim Amer, focuses on the cult/multilevel-marketing scheme. NXIVM, pronounced NEKS-ee-əm, was a multi-level marketing company– which is just what people call their pyramid schemes.