Question List Related To The Topic: "Philosopher"

Last Updated: 21 September, 2021

Who was Woncheuk?

Answer: Woncheuk was a Korean Buddhist monk who did most of his writing in China, though his legacy was transmitted by a disciple to Silla. One of the two star pupils of Xuanzang, his works and devotion to the translation projects was revered throughout China and Korea, even reaching Chinese rulers like Emp.. Know More

Who was Ralph Barton Perry?

Answer: Ralph Barton Perry was an American philosopher. He was a strident moral idealist who stated in 1909 that, to him, idealism meant "to interpret life consistently with ethical, scientific, and metaphysical truth." Perry's viewpoints on religion stressed the notion that religious thinking possessed leg.. Know More

Who was Frederick Robert Tennant?

Answer: Frederick Robert Tennant , best known as F. R. Tennant was a British theologian, philosopher of religion and writer..... Know More

Who was Mao Zedong?

Answer: Mao Zedong zəˈdʊŋ/; December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China , which he ruled as the chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his dea.. Know More

Who was Bernard Mandeville?

Answer: Bernard Mandeville, or Bernard de Mandeville , was an Anglo-Dutch philosopher, political economist and satirist. Born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, he lived most of his life in England and used English for most of his published works. He became famous for The Fable of the Bees..... Know More

Who was Pyotr Lavrov?

Answer: Pyotr Lavrovich Lavrov ; , 1823 – January 25 , 1900) was a prominent Russian theorist of narodism, philosopher, publicist, revolutionary and sociologist..... Know More

Who was Alan Ross Anderson?

Answer: Alan Ross Anderson was an American logician and professor of philosophy at Yale University and the University of Pittsburgh..... Know More

Who was François Hemsterhuis?

Answer: François Hemsterhuis was a Dutch writer on aesthetics and moral philosophy..... Know More

Who was John Stuart Mill?

Answer: John Stuart Mill , usually cited as J. S. Mill, was an English philosopher, political economist, and civil servant. One of the most influential thinkers in the history of classical liberalism, he contributed widely to social theory, political theory, and political economy. Dubbed "the most influenti.. Know More

Who was Denis Diderot?

Answer: Denis Diderot was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer, best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert. He was a prominent figure during the Age of Enlightenment..... Know More

Who was Allan Gibbard?

Answer: Allan Gibbard is the Richard B. Brandt Distinguished University Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Gibbard has made major contributions to contemporary ethical theory, in particular metaethics, where he has developed a contemporary version of non-cognitivism. .. Know More

Who was Joseph Addison?

Answer: Joseph Addison was an English essayist, poet, playwright and politician. He was the eldest son of The Reverend Lancelot Addison. His name is usually remembered alongside that of his long-standing friend Richard Steele, with whom he founded The Spectator magazine. His simple prose style marked the en.. Know More

Who was William of Conches?

Answer: William of Conches was a French scholastic philosopher who sought to expand the bounds of Christian humanism by studying secular works of the classics and fostering empirical science. He was a prominent member of the School of Chartres. John of Salisbury, a bishop of Chartres and former student of W.. Know More

Who was Giorgio Del Vecchio?

Answer: Giorgio Del Vecchio was a prominent Italian legal philosopher of the early 20th century. Among others he influenced the theories of Norberto Bobbio. He is famous for his book Justice..... Know More

Who was Fredric Jameson?

Answer: Fredric Jameson is an American literary critic, philosopher and Marxist political theorist. He is best known for his analysis of contemporary cultural trends, particularly his analysis of postmodernity and capitalism. Jameson's best-known books include Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late C.. Know More

Who was Hajime Tanabe?

Answer: Hajime Tanabe was a Japanese philosopher of the Kyoto School. In 1947 he became a member of Japan Academy, in 1950 he received the Order of Cultural Merit, and in 1957 an honorary doctorate from University of Freiburg..... Know More

Who was Olympiodorus the Younger?

Answer: Olympiodorus the Younger was a Neoplatonist philosopher, astrologer and teacher who lived in the early years of the Byzantine Empire, after Justinian's Decree of 529 AD which closed Plato's Academy in Athens and other pagan schools. Olympiodorus was the last pagan to maintain the Platonist tradition.. Know More

Who was Ernst Mally?

Answer: Ernst Mally was an Austrian analytic philosopher, initially affiliated with Alexius Meinong's Graz School of object theory. Mally was one of the founders of deontic logic and is mainly known for his contributions in that field of research. In metaphysics, he is known for introducing a distinction be.. Know More

Who was Erasmus?

Answer: Erasmus lived against the backdrop of the growing European religious Reformation. While he was critical of the abuses within the Catholic Church and called for reform, he nonetheless kept his distance from Luther, Henry VIII, and John Calvin and continued to recognise the authority of the pope, emph.. Know More

Who was Arthur Schopenhauer?

Answer: Arthur Schopenhauer ; 22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher. He is best known for his 1818 work The World as Will and Representation , wherein he characterizes the phenomenal world as the product of a blind and insatiable metaphysical will. Building on the transcendental ide.. Know More

Who was Uriel da Costa?

Answer: Uriel da Costa , Uriel Acosta or d'Acosta was a Portuguese philosopher and skeptic who was born Christian, but converted to Judaism and ended up questioning the Catholic and rabbinic institutions of his time..... Know More

Who was Ferdinand de Saussure?

Answer: Ferdinand de Saussure was a Swiss linguist, semiotician and philosopher. His ideas laid a foundation for many significant developments in both linguistics and semiology in the 20th century. He is widely considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics and one of two major founders of semio.. Know More

Who was Cyrano de Bergerac?

Answer: Cyrano de Bergerac's works L'Autre Monde: ou les États et Empires de la Lune and Les États et Empires du Soleil are classics of early modern science fiction. In the former, Cyrano travels to the Moon using rockets powered by firecrackers and meets the inhabitants. The Moon-men have four legs, firear.. Know More

Who was Helmut Thielicke?

Answer: Helmut Thielicke was a German Protestant theologian and rector of the University of Hamburg from 1960 to 1978..... Know More

Who was Callicles?

Answer: Callicles was an ancient Athenian political philosopher best remembered for his role in Plato’s dialogue Gorgias, where he "presents himself as a no-holds-barred, bare-knuckled, clear-headed advocate of Realpolitik". While he provides a counter-argument to Plato’s philosophical ideas, the lack of ot.. Know More

Who was Gorgias?

Answer: Gorgias was an ancient Greek sophist, pre-Socratic philosopher, and rhetorician who was a native of Leontinoi in Sicily. Along with Protagoras, he forms the first generation of Sophists. Several doxographers report that he was a pupil of Empedocles, although he would only have been a few years young.. Know More

Who was Zeno of Elea?

Answer: Zeno of Elea was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher of Magna Graecia and a member of the Eleatic School founded by Parmenides. Aristotle called him the inventor of the dialectic. He is best known for his paradoxes, which Bertrand Russell described as "immeasurably subtle and profound"..... Know More

Who was Christian Friedrich Hebbel?

Answer: Christian Friedrich Hebbel was a German poet and dramatist..... Know More

Who was Gaius Musonius Rufus?

Answer: Gaius Musonius Rufus was a Roman Stoic philosopher of the 1st century AD. He taught philosophy in Rome during the reign of Nero and so was sent into exile in 65 AD, returning to Rome only under Galba. He was allowed to stay in Rome when Vespasian banished all other philosophers from the city in 71 A.. Know More

Who was Montesquieu?

Answer: Montesquieu was born at the Château de la Brède in southwest France, 25 kilometres south of Bordeaux. His father, Jacques de Secondat, was a soldier with a long noble ancestry. His mother, Marie Françoise de Pesnel, who died when Charles was seven, was an heiress who brought the title of Barony of L.. Know More

Who was Udyotakara?

Answer: Udyotakara was a philosopher of the Nyaya school of Indian philosophy. Subandhu’s Vāsavadattā mentioned him as the rescuer of the Nyaya. He was a brahmin of Bharadvaja gotra and he belonged to the Pashupata sect. His philosophical treatise, the Nyāyavārttika was written to defend Vatsyayana's Nyāyav.. Know More

Who was Thierry of Chartres?

Answer: Thierry of Chartres or Theodoric the Breton was a twelfth-century philosopher working at Chartres and Paris, France..... Know More

Who was Martin Luther?

Answer: Martin Luther, O.S.A. was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, Augustinian monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507. He came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church; in particular, he disputed .. Know More

Who was Gaozi?

Answer: Gaozi , or Gao Buhai , was a Chinese philosopher during the Warring States period. Gaozi's teachings are no longer extant, but he was a contemporary of Mencius , and most of our knowledge about him comes from the Mencius book titled "Gaozi"..... Know More

Who was Dharmakirti?

Answer: Dharmakirti is credited with building upon the work of Dignāga, the pioneer of Buddhist logic, and Dharmakirti has ever since been influential in the Buddhist tradition. His theories became normative in Tibet and are studied to this day as a part of the basic monastic curriculum..... Know More

Who was Carlo Cattaneo?

Answer: Carlo Cattaneo was an Italian philosopher and writer, famous for his role in the Five Days of Milan on March 1848, when he led the city council during the rebellion..... Know More

Who was Kwame Nkrumah?

Answer: Kwame Nkrumah PC was a Ghanaian politician and revolutionary. He was the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana, having led the Gold Coast to independence from Britain in 1957. An influential advocate of pan-Africanism, Nkrumah was a founding member of the Organization of African Unity and winn.. Know More

Who was Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz?

Answer: Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz was a Polish philosopher and logician, a prominent figure in the Lwów–Warsaw school of logic. He originated many novel ideas in semantics. Among these was categorial grammar, a highly flexible framework for the analysis of natural language syntax and semantics that remains a ma.. Know More

Who was Charles Bonnet?

Answer: Charles Bonnet was a Genevan naturalist and philosophical writer. He is responsible for coining the term phyllotaxis to describe the arrangement of leaves on a plant..... Know More

Who was Christian Hermann Weisse?

Answer: Christian Hermann Weisse was a German Protestant religious philosopher and professor of philosophy at the University of Leipzig. He was the son of theologian Christian Ernst Weisse  ..... Know More

Who was Yajnavalkya?

Answer: Yajnavalkya or Yagyavlkya was a Hindu Vedic sage. He is mentioned in the Upanishads, and likely lived in the Videha region of ancient India, approximately between the 8th century BCE, and the 7th century BCE. Yajnavalkya is considered one of the earliest philosophers in recorded history. Yajnavalkya.. Know More

Who was Philip Melanchthon?

Answer: Philip Melanchthon was a German Lutheran reformer, collaborator with Martin Luther, the first systematic theologian of the Protestant Reformation, intellectual leader of the Lutheran Reformation, and an influential designer of educational systems. He stands next to Luther and John Calvin as a reform.. Know More

Who was Hippias?

Answer: Hippias of Elis was a Greek sophist, and a contemporary of Socrates. With an assurance characteristic of the later sophists, he claimed to be regarded as an authority on all subjects, and lectured on poetry, grammar, history, politics, mathematics, and much else. Most of our knowledge of him is deri.. Know More

Who was Morris Raphael Cohen?

Answer: Morris Raphael Cohen was an American philosopher, lawyer, and legal scholar who united pragmatism with logical positivism and linguistic analysis. He was father to Felix S. Cohen and Leonora Cohen Rosenfield..... Know More

Who was Marcel Gauchet?

Answer: Marcel Gauchet is a French historian, philosopher, and sociologist. He is professor emeritus of the Centre de recherches politiques Raymond Aron at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales and head of the periodical Le Débat..... Know More

Who was Epictetus?

Answer: Epictetus was a Greek Stoic philosopher. He was born a slave at Hierapolis, Phrygia and lived in Rome until his banishment, when he went to Nicopolis in northwestern Greece for the rest of his life. His teachings were written down and published by his pupil Arrian in his Discourses and Enchiridion.... Know More

Who was Petrus Aureolus?

Answer: Petrus Aureolus was a scholastic philosopher and theologian. Little of his life before 1312 is known. After this time, he taught at the Franciscan convent in Bologna, then at the convent in Toulouse, around 1314. He went to Paris in 1316 in order to qualify for his doctorate, where he read the Sente.. Know More

Who was Gilbert Harman?

Answer: Gilbert Harman is an American philosopher, who taught at Princeton University from 1963 until his retirement in 2017. He has published widely in philosophy of language, cognitive science, philosophy of mind, ethics, moral psychology, epistemology, statistical learning theory, and metaphysics. He and.. Know More

Who was Arthur Prior?

Answer: Arthur Prior went to give lectures at Norwegian universities in September 1969 and on 6 October 1969, the night before he was to deliver a lecture there, he died from a heart attack at Trondheim, Norway..... Know More

Who was Henri Lefebvre?

Answer: Henri Lefebvre was a French Marxist philosopher and sociologist, best known for pioneering the critique of everyday life, for introducing the concepts of the right to the city and the production of social space, and for his work on dialectics, alienation, and criticism of Stalinism, existentialism, .. Know More