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What does fannie mae consider a second home?

2 Answer(s) Available
Answer # 1 #

A second home is a property that you spend some time in during the year, whereas an investment property is one that you own but don’t occupy. Investment properties are exclusively for generating income. And although you can rent out a second home for a portion of the year, you must occupy the property for 10 percent of the number of days it’s rented out for it to count as a second home.

Primary home loans typically come with more attractive interest rates and less restrictive qualifying requirements than second homes and investment properties. For that reason, it might be tempting to try and classify a second home as a primary residence. But lying on a mortgage application or committing mortgage fraud can result in hefty fines or jail time in serious cases. In order to ensure that you’re using the property in the way that you claim, there are a few guidelines for second home properties:

A second home loan is a good option for you if you’re interested in financing a vacation property or if you split your time between two or more cities. It could also be a good option for you if you can’t afford a home where you live but would like to invest in property elsewhere.

An investment property is one that you plan to rent out or use in order to generate income. It can be a condo, house, or any property up to a total of four units before it’s considered commercial real estate.

If you’re looking to invest in a property with five or more units, your lender will frame the financing conversation a little differently. While residential loan underwriting focuses on the credit and income history of the individual borrower, commercial loan underwriting is based on the asset’s projected net operating income.

There are many ways to go about investing in properties, including “house hacking,” taking out a home equity loan, moving into a new home and converting your existing home into a rental property, and taking out a conventional mortgage to purchase an investment property. If you decide to go with a conventional investment property mortgage, it must conform to guidelines set by Freddie or Fannie if they are to purchase the mortgage on the open market.

Your debt-to-income ratio and cash reserves will determine the down payment and credit score requirements for an investment property. And you can check the Fannie Mae eligibility matrix to see what the requirements are for the type of property you’re looking at.

Regardless of your situation, one of the best ways to proceed in financing an investment property is to sit down with a loan officer and talk through your options.

→ Looking to secure a Fannie Mae investment property or second home loan? radius is here to help. Connect with one of our loan officers to get your questions answered.

Investment properties are considered more of a risk by lenders than primary residence loans, because you’re not living in the property and you may be more likely to default. Second home loans are also of slightly more risk than primary home loans for similar reasons. As a result of that increased risk for lenders, financing tends to be more stringent for second homes and investment properties. Here are a few of the ways that financing differs among primary residence loans, second home loans, and investment property loans:

Leonida Maggenti
Bridge Inspector
Answer # 2 #

This article covers Fannie Mae Guidelines on second homes mortgage financing. There are three types of mortgage loans when it comes to residential financing.

Primary home financing is owner-occupant homes. Homeowners will reside in the home as their primary residence. A primary home is a property that the buyer will occupy for at least six months and one day at the subject property. Primary home financing is the loan program of choice. This is due to lenders viewing it as the least.

Primary homes offer the lowest amount of down payment and the lowest interest rate. Lenders view borrowers financing the primary home to be least likely to default on their mortgage loan than they would an investment property or second home. Government loan programs such as FHA, VA, and USDA offer primary home financing only. Conventional loans offer primary, second home, and investment home financing. Buyers seeking second home financing or investment home financing need to go with a conventional loan program

There are strict rules when it comes to Fannie Mae guidelines on second homes. Many folks wonder why Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac make such a big deal with second home financing. The reason why there are strict rules and regulations with second home financing. This is because second home loans offer much more relaxed and lenient lending guidelines than investment homes.

Mortgage rates on second home financing are much lower than investment home financing. Second-home financing is often 050% or lower. Down payment requirements are much lower on second home financing versus investment homes. The minimum down payment requirement for second home financing is 10% down payment versus 20% or more with investment homes. There are no reserve requirements with second home financing. With investment homes, three to six months of reserves may be required.

As long as borrowers qualify with credit and income, there are certain criteria to meet second home financing guidelines.  The second home purchase needs to make sense. If a second home buyer currently owns a home and wants to purchase a similar home in their neighborhood, that will not qualify as a second home. Why would a home buyer need another home nearby primary home that is similar in size and value? Most mortgage underwriters will consider this type of second home purchase request as an investment home purchase:

The bottom line is that the second home needs to make sense to be classified as a second home. For example, here is a case scenario:

Mortgage underwriters are not dummies. They have heard many excuses so do not try to pull a fast one. The case scenario needs to make sense to them. Most second homes need to be at least 100 miles from the primary homeowner’s residence to qualify. Exemption to distance requirements is when the second home is a waterfront property or in a resort area.

Fannie Mae Guidelines On Second Homes does not require second home buyers to own primary homes. If borrowers currently do not own a home and rent or live with relatives, they can still qualify to purchase a second home without owning a primary residence. For example, if the buyer is living with parents in Illinois and wants to purchase a home in Florida, they can purchase the Florida property as a second home. A 10% down payment on a second home with a conventional mortgage loan.

Second-home financing is conventional loans and conforming Fannie Mae Guidelines On Second Homes apply. FHA, VA, and USDA loan programs do not have second home financing programs. 10% minimum down payment is required. Both the primary and proposed second home mortgage payments will be used to qualify debt to income ratios.

Buyers with prior bankruptcy and/or foreclosure, waiting period after bankruptcy, and/or foreclosure can qualify for a conventional loan. Four years after Chapter 7, deed in lieu, the foreclosure waiting period to qualify for conventional loans. There is a 7-year waiting period after a foreclosure is required to qualify for a conventional loan. There is a four-year waiting period after the Chapter 13 Bankruptcy dismissal date. There is a two-year waiting period after the Chapter 13 Bankruptcy discharge date. For borrowers with a mortgage included in Chapter 13 Bankruptcy, there is a mandatory four-year waiting period to qualify for a conventional loan.

Borrowers who need to qualify for a mortgage with a five-star mortgage company licensed in multiple states with no lender overlays, please contact us at Gustan Cho Associates at 800-900-8569. Or text us for a faster response. Borrowers can also email us at

Gustan Cho Associates is empowered by NEXA Mortgage and AXEN Mortgage and have the ability to broker mortgage loans. NEXA Mortgage dba Gustan Cho Associates are mortgage brokers. AXEM Mortgage is a dba of NEXA Mortgage, LLC and is a correspondent mortgage lender. Gustan Cho Associates has over 160 wholesale lending relationships with wholesale non-QM and alternative lenders. Some of the popular non-QM loan programs we offer are bank statement mortgage loans with no income tax required, non-QM loans one day out of bankruptcy and foreclosure, asset depletion, no-doc loans, P and L only mortgages, fix and flip mortgages, investor cash flow mortgages.

Related> Can a second home purchase be a primary home?

In this blog, we will cover and discuss second home mortgage loans lending guidelines. Second home mortgage loans have specific mortgage lending guidelines. Government Loans are for owner-occupant properties only. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac allow second home loans and investment home financing on conventional loans.

Mortgage rates on second homes are similar to primary owner occupant homes. However, mortgage rates on investment homes are substantially higher than on primary and second homes. Second homes only require a 10% down payment. Down payment requirements on investment homes are normally 20% or more depending on the type of property.

Gustan Cho has dozens of second home mortgage loan programs besides Fannie Mae and/or Freddie Mac conforming loans. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Guidelines on second home mortgage loans have specific lending requirements on second home financing. Second home mortgage loans are all conventional loan programs. Gustan Cho Associates offers second home mortgage loans via non-QM loans and bank statement loans. Government loans (FHA, VA, USDA) are for owner-occupant homes only. To qualify for second home mortgage loans, borrowers need to qualify for minimum conventional lending guidelines.

620 score is the minimum credit score required to qualify for conventional loans. However, a 620 credit score is considered a very low credit score for conventional loans. Borrowers with a 620 credit score, the chances are that they will get hit with paying a high mortgage rate. For the best possible mortgage rate on a conventional mortgage rate, borrowers should have a 740 plus credit score. For example, today’s mortgage rate for a mortgage loan borrower with a 620 credit score for a conventional loan, the mortgage rates will be very high plus discount points may be required. Borrowers with 740 credit scores will get the best mortgage rates on second home mortgage loans.

For a home to be classified as a second home, it needs to be some distance away from the borrower’s primary residence. At least 60 or more miles. For second homes that are closer than 60 miles from the borrower’s primary residence, the second home needs to serve a purpose. Why is it a second home? The second home purchase needs to make sense. Is it classified as a second home because of the following:

A 10% minimum down payment is required for a second home purchase. Mortgage Rates on second homes are similar to primary homes.

Both the primary residence and second home mortgage payments are calculated when qualifying for the borrower’s debt to income ratios. If the second home is rented part of the year or is part of the homeowners association rental program, that rental income cannot be used towards income to offset the second home housing expenses.

Vijayanthi Prabhu
Harbor, Lake & Waterways Police