what is ahk mean?
AutoHotkey is a free and open-source custom scripting language for Microsoft Windows, initially aimed at providing easy keyboard shortcuts or hotkeys, fast macro-creation and software automation that allows users of most levels of computer skill to automate repetitive tasks in any Windows application. User interfaces can easily be extended or modified by AutoHotkey (for example, overriding the default Windows control key commands with their Emacs equivalents). The AutoHotkey installation includes its own extensive help file, and web-based documentation is also available.
AutoHotkey scripts can be used to launch programs, open documents, and emulate keystrokes or mouse clicks and movements. AutoHotkey scripts can also assign, retrieve, and manipulate variables, run loops and manipulate windows, files, and folders. These commands can be triggered by a hotkey, such as a script that would open an internet browser whenever the user presses Ctrl+Alt+I on the keyboard. Keyboard keys can also be remapped or disabled, such that pressing Ctrl+M, for example, might result in the active window receiving an em dash — or nothing at all. AutoHotkey also allows for "hotstrings" that will automatically replace certain text as it is typed, such as assigning the string "btw" to produce the text "by the way" when typed, or the text "%o" to produce "percentage of". Further, scripts can be initiated automatically at computer startup and need not interact with the keyboard at all, perhaps performing file manipulation at a set interval.
More complex tasks can be achieved with custom data entry forms (GUI windows), working with the system registry, or using the Windows API by calling functions from DLLs. The scripts can be compiled into an executable file that can be run on other computers that do not have AutoHotkey installed. The source code is in C++ and can be compiled with Visual Studio Express.
Memory access through pointers is allowed just as in C.
Some uses for AutoHotkey:
The first public beta of AutoHotkey was released on November 10, 2003, after author Chris Mallett's proposal to integrate hotkey support into AutoIt v2 failed to generate response from the AutoIt community. Mallett built a new program from scratch basing the syntax on AutoIt v2 and using AutoIt v3 for some commands and the compiler. Later, AutoIt v3 switched from GPL to closed source because of "other projects repeatedly taking AutoIt code" and "setting themselves up as competitors".
In 2010, AutoHotkey v1.1 (originally called AutoHotkey_L) became the platform for ongoing development of AutoHotkey. In late 2012, it became the official branch. Another port of the program is AutoHotkey.dll. A well known fork of the program is AutoHotkey_H, which has its own subforum on the main site.
In July 2021, the first AutoHotkey v2 beta was released. The first release candidate was released on November 20th 2022 with the full release of v2.0.0 planned later in the year. On December 20th 2022, version 2.0.0 was officially released. On January 22nd 2023, AutoHotkey v2 became the official primary version. AutoHotkey v1.1 became legacy and no new features will be implemented, but will still be supported by the site and maintenance releases are possible.
The following script will allow a user to search for a particular word or phrase using Google. After copying text from any application to the clipboard, pressing the configurable hotkey ⊞ Win+G will open the user's default web browser and perform the search.
The following script defines a hotstring that enables the user to type "afaik" in any program and have it automatically replaced with "as far as I know":
There are extensions/interops/inline script libraries available for usage with/from other programming languages:
Other major plugins enable support for:
When AutoHotkey is used to make self-contained software for distribution, that software must include the part of AutoHotkey itself that understands and executes AutoHotkey scripts, as it is an interpreted language. Inevitably, some malware has been written using AutoHotkey. When anti-malware products attempt to earmark items of malware that have been programmed using AutoHotkey, they sometimes falsely identify AutoHotkey as the culprit rather than the actual malware.
AHK may stand for: AutoHotkey, a programming language. Air Hong Kong, ICAO airline designator. Akha language of China and Myanmar, ISO 639-3 code. Allied High Commission (German Alliierte Hohe Kommission), for post-WWII Germany.