Criminology is the study of crime from a social perspective. Criminology is the study of crime and deviant behavior. A graduate of a criminology program studies the how, where and why of criminals , crime and criminal behavior. Criminology is the study of crime and deviant behavior. Criminology, scientific study of the nonlegal aspects of crime and delinquency, including its causes, correction, and prevention, from the viewpoints of such diverse disciplines as anthropology, biology, psychology and psychiatry, economics, sociology, and statistics.