ECMO requires a multidisciplinary team of skilled providers in the ICU to care for patients. An ECMO machine simply provides support for a person while the healthcare team works on treating the underlying disease or injury (such as an infection) or until. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, also known as extracorporeal life support, is an extracorporeal technique of providing prolonged cardiac and respiratory support to persons whose heart and lungs are unable to provide an adequate amount of gas. ECMO stands for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Similar to a heart-lung bypass machine, ECMO is used to pump and oxygenate the patient's blood outside the body, replacing the function of the. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a treatment that uses a pump to circulate blood through an artificial lung back into the.