Laparoscopy uses an instrument called a laparoscope to look at the abdominal organs. Laparoscopy is a type of surgery that uses smaller cuts than you might expect. Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis without having to make large incisions in the skin. The laparoscope transmits images from the abdominal cavity to high-resolution video monitors in the operating room. Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis using small incisions with the aid of a camera. Laparoscopic surgery uses a thin tube called a laparoscope.