The lytic cycle is one of the two cycles of viral reproduction, the other being the lysogenic cycle. The lytic cycle is one of the two cycles of viral reproduction the other being the lysogenic cycle. The lytic cycle involves the reproduction of viruses using a host cell to manufacture more viruses; the viruses then burst out of the cell. The lytic cycle is named for the process of lysis, which occurs when a virus has infected a cell, replicated new virus particles, and bursts through. What is the lytic cycle? Whilst the ultimate outcome of the lytic cycle is production of new phage progeny and death of the host bacterial cell, this is. In the lytic cycle (Figure 2), sometimes referred to as virulent infection, the infecting phage ultimately kill the host cell to produce many of their.