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What is mla and mlc?

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Answer # 1 #

दोनों ही राज्य की राजनीतिक व्यवस्था में महत्वपूर्ण जिम्मेदारी निभाते हैं। । हालांकि, दोनों के बीच को अंतर को लेकर कई बार लोग दुविधा में पड़ जाते हैं। आइए, आज हम आपको बताते हैं कि दोनों में क्या अंतर है।

एमएलए की फुलफॉर्म Member of legislative Assembly(MLA) होती है, जो कि राज्य की विधानसभा का सदस्य होता है। एमएलए बनने के लिए न्यूनतम आयु सीमा 25 वर्ष होनी चाहिए। वहीं, इनका कार्यकाल पांच साल का होता है।

राज्य में जिस दल के विधायक आधे से अधिक निर्वाचन क्षेत्र में जीत जाते हैं, राज्य में उस दल को बहुमत में माना जाता है। बहुमत प्राप्त करने वाले दल को सत्ता पक्ष, जबकि अन्य को विरोधी पक्ष कहा जाता है। एक MLA एक कैबिनेट मंत्री से लेकर मुख्यमंत्री तक भी हो सकता है। हालांकि, यह उसके राजनीतिक दल द्वारा तय किया जाता है।

MLC यानि विधान परिषद के सदस्य, जिसके लिए कम से कम 30 वर्ष की आयु अनिवार्य है। वहीं, इनका कार्यकाल छह वर्ष का होता है। विधान परिषद के सदस्यों का चुनाव सीधे तौर पर नहीं किया जाता है।

MLA का चुनाव सीधे तौर पर जनता द्वारा किया जाता है। प्रत्येक विधानसभा क्षेत्र में मतदाताओं की संख्या निर्धारित होती है, जो कि मतदान कर अपनी पसंद का विधायक चुनते हैं।

विधान परिषद सदस्य का चुनाव अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से होता है। यानि इनका चुनाव जनता नहीं, बल्कि जनता द्वारा चुने गए लोगों के द्वारा भी किया जाता है। परिषद के एक-तिहाई सदस्यों का चुनाव विधायक द्वारा किया जाता है। वहीं, एक-तिहाई सदस्य नगर पालिका, नगर पंचायत और जिला पंचायत की ओर से चुने जाते हैं। इसके अलावा 1/12 सदस्यों को शिक्षक और 1/12 को पंजीकृत ग्रेजुएट चुनते हैं।

विधानसभा के सदस्यों की जिम्मेदारी अपने क्षेत्र की होती है। ये अपने-अपने क्षेत्र की समस्याओं को विधानसभा में पेश करते हैं। इसके साथ ही राज्य सरकार द्वारा पेश की जाने वाली योजनाओं को भी अपने क्षेत्र की जनता के बीच पहुंचाते हैं। MLA के पास पानी, बिजली, सड़क, सीवर, राशन और क्षेत्र के अन्य मुद्दे होते हैं।

विधान परिषद का नियम

आपको यह भी बता दें कि विधान परिषद में विधानसभा के एक निश्चित संख्या से अधिक सदस्य मौजूद नहीं होने चाहिए।

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Ann-Marie Yen
Lighting Technician
Answer # 2 #

The difference between MLA and MLC, Here all we are going to discuss about. • In India there is bicameral system at both central and state level as well. • Not all the states in India have bicameral system.

The difference between MLA and MLC According to their membership

• The MLA’s tenure is 5 years, However, the Government is dissolved before their tenure, they will resign. • But MLC’s tenure is 6 years .The Legislative Council cannot be dissolved. Since it a permanent house. • But 1/3 of Council members resigned for every 2years.

• To contest in MLC elections the minimum required age is 30. • Where as in Assembly elections it is 25 only.

• The MLA are elect through Direct elections from Assembly Constitutions. Where all adult voters can participate. • By Contrast to above MLC are elect through indirect election. From different groups of people. Like teachers, Graduate s, MLA’s and Local bodies. • The Governor of the state also nominates 1/ 6 of council members.

• The MLA’s are eligible to voting in Legislative Assembly. By the time of Money bills and No confidence motion. • Where MLC’s cannot have such right.

• How ever elected MLA’s are eligible to participate in President’s election. • In fact, there is no such chance for MLC’s.

• However, the MLA’s are take part in Rajya Sabha elections. • In case of Rajya Sabha elections there is no scope to MLC’s to take part in.

• The total members of assembly based on the population of that particular state. • The total number of MLC’s in a state cannot exceed 1/3 of it’s MLA’S. So MLC’S are less in numbers to MLA’s.

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Naveen Iqbal
RECONNAISSANCE CREWMEMBER
Answer # 3 #

Each website here also contains a list of Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs) and Legislative Council (MLCs).

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Uncredited: Tsu
Assistant Stage Manager
Answer # 4 #

A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district (constituency) to the legislature of State government in the Indian system of government. From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Each state has between seven and nine MLAs for every Member of Parliament (MP) that it has in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of India's bicameral parliament. There are also members in three unicameral legislatures in Union Territories: the Delhi Legislative Assembly, Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly and the Puducherry Legislative Assembly. Only a Member of the Legislative Assembly can work as a minister for more than 6 months. If a non-Member of the Legislative Assembly becomes a Chief Minister or a minister, he must become an MLA within 6 months to continue in the job. Only a Member of the Legislative Assembly can become a Speaker of the Legislature.

In states where there are two houses, there is a State Legislative Council, and a State Legislative Assembly. In such a case, the Legislative Council is the upper house, while the Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the state legislature.

The Governor shall not be a member of the Legislature or Parliament, shall not hold any office of profit, and shall be entitled to emoluments and allowances. (Article 158 of the Indian constitution).

The Legislative Assembly consists of not more than 500 members and not fewer than 60. The biggest state, Uttar Pradesh, has 403 members in its Assembly. States which have small populations and are small in size have a provision for having an even smaller number of members in the Legislative Assembly. Puducherry has 33 members out of which 3 are nominated by central government. Mizoram and Goa have only 40 members each. Sikkim has 32. All members of the Legislative Assembly are elected based on adult franchise, and one member is elected from one constituency. Until January 2020, the President had the power to nominate two Anglo Indians to the Lok Sabha and the Governor had the power to nominate one member from the Anglo Indian community deems fit if the governor thinks that they are not adequately represented in the Assembly. In January 2020, the Anglo-Indian reserved seats in the Parliament and State legislatures of India were abolished by the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019.

Up to three MLAs can be nominated in the union territory of Puducherry by the central government who enjoy equal powers as elected MLAs.

The qualifications to become a member of the Legislative Assembly are largely similar to the qualifications to be a member of Parliament.

The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years. However, it may be dissolved earlier than that by the Governor at the request of the Chief Minister, when the Chief Minister has actual majority support in the Assembly. The Assembly may be dissolved earlier if no one can prove majority support and become Chief Minister. The term of the Legislative Assembly may be extended during an emergency, but not more than six months at a time. The Legislative Council is the upper house of the State. Just like the Rajya Sabha, it is a permanent House. The members of the state's upper house are selected based on the strength of each party in the lower house and by state gubernatorial nomination. The term is six years, and a third of the members of the House retire after every two years. The upper house of a state assembly, unlike the upper house of the Parliament, can be abolished by the lower house, if it passes a specific law bill, which states to dissolve the upper house, and gets it attested in both houses of parliament and then signed by the president into law. Only Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh have their upper houses in existence with a six-year term. All other states have abolished the upper house by the above-mentioned method, as the upper house causes unnecessary problems, expenditures and issues.

The most important function of the legislature is law-making. The state legislature has the power to make laws on all items on which Parliament cannot legislate. Some of these items are police, prisons, irrigation, agriculture, local governments, public health, Pilgrimage, and burial grounds. Some topics on which both Parliament and states can make laws are education, marriage and divorce, forests, and the protection of wild animals and birds.

As regards money bills, the position is the same. Bills can originate only in the Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Council can either pass the bill within 14 days of the date of the receipt of the Bill or suggest changes to it within 14 days. These changes may or may not be accepted by the Assembly.

The state legislature, besides making laws, has one electoral power, in electing the President of India. Elected members of the Legislative Assembly along with the elected members of Parliament are involved in this process.

Some parts of the Constitution can be amended by Parliament with the approval of half of the state legislatures. Thus the state legislatures take part in the process of amendment to the Constitution.

Members of Legislative Assembly by their political party (As of 30 May 2023)

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Carlo Puzo
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