a raised paved or asphalted path for pedestrians at the side of a road. A road surface, or pavement, is the durable surface material laid down on an area intended to sustain vehicular or foot traffic, such as a road or walkway. Pavement, in civil engineering, durable surfacing of a road, airstrip, or similar area. What is pavement? Pavement plays an important role in Road construction. A highway pavement is a structure consisting of superimposed layers of processed materials above the natural soil sub-grade, whose primary.