ulema, ulama(noun) the body of Mullahs (Muslim scholars trained in Islam and Islamic law) who are the interpreters of Islam's sciences and doctrines and laws and the chief guarantors of continuity in the spiritual and intellectual history of the Islamic community. In Islam, the ulama are the guardians, transmitters, and interpreters of religious knowledge in. Ulama, the body of religious scholars who are versed theoretically and practically in the Muslim. The ulama are the Muslim scholars. Summary The scholars of Islamic sciences, the ‛ulama', have often been considered a particularly intransigent social group, most notably in. The authority of the ulema class in defining right doctrine and right practice within Islam has been immense in Muslim history.