What's in cbd flower?
While CBD has found its way into countless products, from coffee to dog treats, many Americans don’t know that the active ingredient, CBD, comes from hemp flower— a nearly identical flower to federally-illegal marijuana flower.
Intrigued? We thought so! In this post, we’ll talk about what hemp flower is, where it comes from, how hemp is different from marijuana, and more…
What Is A Hemp Flower? Are CBD Hemp And Marijuana The Same? Are There Benefits To Smoking Hemp Flower? Is CBD Hemp Flower Legal?
CBD hemp flower, sometimes referred to as hemp buds, are the flowers of female hemp plants. As a female hemp plant enters the flowering stage of its lifecycle, it diverts energy away from growing taller to producing sticky, trichome-covered flowers to catch airborne hemp pollen.
Trichomes are like nature’s velcro— they catch pollen out of the air and deter would-be predators with their pungent smell and bitter taste. Trichomes are also where CBD and other phytocannabinoids are created and stored.
Hemp flowers that catch airborne pollen stop producing large amounts of cannabinoids and end up producing seeds. Female hemp plants that are never pollinated make more trichomes and end up creating more sought-after cannabinoids. The hemp flowers that we smoke and extract CBD from come from unpollinated female hemp plants.
According to an official USDA memo, hemp is defined as cannabis that contains less than 0.3% THC and can no longer included on the DEA’s schedule I controlled substance list.1 The Farm Bill also says that hemp and hemp derivatives as defined by the bill are considered to be agricultural commodities and are allowed to cross state lines.
Some states, like Idaho and Texas, have since banned the sale of smokable hemp flower in-state. But that can’t stop entities like the United States Postal Service from delivering hemp and hemp flower to residential addresses in that state.2
CBD is short for cannabidiol, a phytocannabinoid produced by hemp plants. CBD is not psychoactive and won’t make you feel high when you smoke or ingest it.
As of this writing, there aren’t many FDA-backed studies on CBD’s effects on humans, though there is an FDA-approved drug, Epidiolex, that’s derived from CBD oil that’s used to manage rare forms of epilepsy. 3
Read more about CBD and how it interacts with your body here.
Hemp flower and marijuana are not legally the same things. While they are both flowers of the Cannabis Sativa— look, smell, and smoke the same; the effects you get from smoking each couldn’t be more different.
A lot of the physiological science about consuming hemp flower is still in the early stages— though that’s what happens when a substance is placed on the schedule I list for so long— we stunt research.
(This writer is a little salty about it)
There is a growing online community of hemp flower users, smokers, bakers, and extractors that are amassing a treasure trove of personal experience with hemp flower. Many of these users report that CBD hemp flower helps them manage a range of issues and symptoms like,
While the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has so far only approved Epidiolex to manage rare forms of epilepsy, they are hesitant to allow companies to make claims about CBD hemp flower because its effects are under-researched. 3
This is a great question. Hemp flower is supposed to only contain trace amounts of THC. The legal definition of hemp is that it “contains no more than 0.3% of delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol by dry weight,” meaning that one gram of dried flower should contain no more than 3mg of delta-9 THC.
To put that in perspective, a standard king-sized one-gram joint of hemp shouldn’t contain more than 3mg of delta-9 THC. Some states have also further defined hemp as containing no more than 1% of total THC by dry weight— 10mg in our example— an important distinction we’ll break down in just a sec.
Continue reading: CBD Hemp vs. Marijuana
The total THC rules have been introduced in a handful of states and there’s a movement to add this to the federal definition. That’s because the Farm Bill definition of hemp is written so specifically, that folks in the cannabis and hemp industry have found countless workarounds in order to sell higher-THC flowers online.
Delta-8 THC flower is one such example. Delta-8 THC is not a cannabinoid that commonly appears in nature though it does induce the same psychoactive effects as delta-9 THC. Delta-8 hemp flower producers first must wash pure CBD isolate in an acetate acid bath to make delta-8 THC distillate which they then spray over hemp flower.
Another high-THC flower you may find online is called THCa flower. THCa is short for delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol acid, is the acidic precursor molecule to delta-9 THC. When you buy recreational marijuana, you’re buying THCa-rich flower and converting the THCa into active THC when you decarboxylate it with heat via smoking it. By marketing THCa flower as a “hemp flower,” cultivators have found a very semantic work around the spirit of the 2018 Farm Bill.
If the total THC rule is put into effect, both delta-8 (and other novel forms of THC) flower and THCa flower would be considered marijuana and banned from cross-state sales.
For the purpose of this section, hemp flower will refer to CBD-rich hemp flower that contains no more than 1% of total THC.
CBD has been found to be non-toxic to humans, even in cases of extreme dosing.8 No fatalities have been attributed to CBD ingestion. The World Health Organization in a 2017 memo, said that “CBD exhibits no effects indicative of abuse or dependence potential.”10 CBD is neither toxic nor is it habit-forming, though it does have some side effects.
A 2017 issue of Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research discussed the side effects of CBD use.9 The most common included,
CBD hemp flower can also interact with certain medications. If you are taking medications, you should consult with a health professional before using CBD hemp flower.
Let’s preface this section by saying that smoking anything, hemp or otherwise is inherently risky. That said, smoking hemp flower does present some key benefits.
Smoking hemp flower and inhaling the vaporized CBD will actually increase its bioavailability, a term that refers to a substance’s ability to be absorbed and used by the body.
One of the most noticeable effects of smoking hemp flower is the speed at which its CBD enters your bloodstream. When you inhale vaporized CBD it comes in contact with your lung’s network of capillaries almost immediately and can reach peak concentration in your bloodstream in just three minutes.12
Read More: 5 Benefits of Smoking CBD Flower
In addition to smoking hemp flower or hemp pre-rolls, there are plenty of other ways that you can use hemp flower and unlock the CBD inside.
Vaporizing hemp flower is a lot like smoking hemp flower, but without the combustion and nasty ash. A lot of people prefer vaping to smoking for a number of reasons like smell, ease, and health.
You can turn your CBD hemp flower into any number of tasty homemade treats that will be sure to help you relax and melt into the couch at the end of a long day. A number of people prefer edibles to smoking hemp flower because of the duration of effects, convenience, and taste— who doesn’t love a good cookie?
In fact, we have plenty of blogs to help you get started making edibles at home!
If you don’t want to smoke hemp flower and instead want to use the CBD inside for another project, you can do so using either ethanol or some form of fat, like coconut oil. Extracts can be used in tons of products like tinctures, topicals, and even candy!
Kief is the term for the collection of trichomes that can break off cannabis flower— hemp or marijuana. Generally, kief is more potent than the flower it’s sifted from and can be used to enhance your smoking, vaping, or baking experience.
This blog post is not and should not be considered legal advice. We are publishing this in the state of Vermont for purely informational purposes. If you have any questions about your state and hemp, please contact a LOCAL attorney.
According to the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp is “cannabis that contains less than 0.3% THC.”13 and is no longer included on the DEA’s schedule I controlled substances list. Hemp is now considered by the federal government to be an agricultural commodity and certain products, like CBD hemp flower and products derived from the hemp plant, are considered federally legal.
Aside from hemp flower cultivation, the processing, sale, and transportation of CBD hemp flower products are also legal. (Provided your vendor has the right paperwork!)
You can buy and have CBD-rich hemp flower online delivered directly to your door or P.O. box by the United States Postal Service. As of right now, states can’t interfere with legal interstate commerce. But before you buy any hemp flower online, you should equip yourself as a buyer. Because the world of online hemp is unregulated and there are some bad actors out there.
Read more about buying CBD hemp flower online.
Before you buy any hemp flower online, you should look for that product’s corresponding test results. Sometimes called “batch tests” or “certificate of analysis,” these documents should tell you exactly what’s in your CBD hemp flower. That includes cannabinoids, terpenes, any heavy metals, and residual pesticides.
We have a whole guide about reading these technical documents that you can find here!
For your health and safety, you should only buy hemp flower grown in the United States. All hemp cultivators and most vendors are required to hold a USDA hemp program license.
Find Sunset Lake CBD’s Grower’s License Here.
CBD flower is what CBD oil was five years ago. There’s a huge demand for legal hemp across the country, and enjoying this non-intoxicating form of cannabis is the perfect way to keep stress at bay.
Learn everything you need to know about CBD flower and the best ways to use it in this guide.
CBD flower comes from Cannabis sativa, just like marijuana. Unlike its intoxicating cousin, however, CBD does not have any notable psychoactive effects, which is why researchers have determined that this cannabinoid is non-intoxicating.
In every other way, however, CBD flower looks, smells, and feels just like the THC-rich cannabis strains that are available in recreational marijuana states. CBD won’t mess with your head, however, and CBD flower is one of the cleanest and most efficient ways to enjoy this trending cannabinoid.
Most people either smoke or vape CBD flower, but you can also use hemp nugs to make your own CBD edibles or topicals. The flowers from Cannabis sativa are, after all, what is used to make every CBD product on the planet, but it takes a lot of time and technical know-how to extract CBD oil and formulate products in your kitchen.
Instead, we recommend you vape CBD flower or enjoy a CBD pre-roll from time to time. We’ll cover all the different types of CBD flower products in this guide and help you make the right choice.
In short: The dried and cured flower of mature Cannabis sativa plants containing less than 0.3% THC.
Learn more: CBD flower is dried and cured Cannabis sativa flower that has been bred to be high in CBD and low in THC. Contrary to popular belief, hemp and marijuana are not different plants. Both substances are Cannabis sativa, and the only difference is the dominant cannabinoid.
There’s a little bit of CBD in every Cannabis sativa plant, but usually not enough to make a difference. A few decades ago, however, breeders started producing hemp plants with higher and higher CBD concentrations, and now, hemp strains with high CBD and low THC are almost as common as high-THC strains.
In short: Powerful aromatic compounds in cannabis flower that alter its effects and offer unique flavors and aromas.
Learn more: Cannabis contains lots of different types of plant oils. These natural oils can generally be classified as either cannabinoids, terpenes, or flavonoids. Cannabinoids are only found in cannabis, but terpenes and flavonoids are both found in lots of other plant species aside from hemp.
Let’s cover how various common terpenes found in cannabis flower smell:
Next, let’s take a look at how each of these terpenes tastes:
In short: While CBD flower isn’t intoxicating, you might find its effects to be highly soothing and relaxing.
Learn more: Instead of activating the CB1 and CB2 receptors, the two neuroreceptors responsible for the “high” you experience when using cannabis, CBD appears to act at the non-intoxicating 5-HT1A and TRPV1 receptors. Does that sound like a bunch of scientific gobbledegook? Let’s clarify.
When intoxicating phytocannabinoids like THC activate your CB1 and CB2 receptors, they cause an intoxicating effect. Since CBD doesn’t interact with these receptors, however, it doesn’t get you high. The 5-HT1A receptor is part of your serotonergic system, which controls mood and heart rate. The TRPV1 receptor, on the other hand, deals mainly with inflammatory pain.
In short: CBD flower absorbs into your system faster than any other product type, providing instantaneous effects.
Learn more: CBD flower is unlike any other type of CBD product. While the CBD in most hemp products must pass through your liver before it reaches the brain, smoking or vaping CBD flower releases this cannabinoid directly into your lungs, which are connected to your brain by large, fast-flowing blood vessels.
The effects of CBD flower last about 30-60 minutes, and they begin almost immediately after you take this non-intoxicating cannabinoid into your lungs. Since this ingestion method bypasses the liver, which reduces the effectiveness of CBD, the effects of CBD flower are often stronger than you might expect.
At the same time, however, CBD is non-intoxicating, so enjoying a potent dose of this hemp-derived substance won’t make you paranoid or confused. CBD might make you feel slightly tired, but other than that, your first experience with hemp flower should be altogether enjoyable and mild.
In short: People primarily use CBD flower for stress, anxiety, depression, and similar conditions, but it’s also common to use hemp flower for pain and serious diseases. To combat workplace stress, people are even using CBD at work.
Learn more: Since it appears to have powerful antioxidant and neuroprotective effects, scientists have looked at CBD as an effective treatment for a wide variety of conditions. Check out the “Conditions” page on the independent research site Project CBD for a full list of diseases and illnesses for which CBD has been researched as a treatment, but we’ll cover the basics below:
Though it’s also been looked at as a treatment for heart disease, digestive conditions, and even cancer, the third most common medical application of CBD is pain. Since this cannabinoid operates at both the 5-HT1A and TRPV1 receptors, it’s possible that CBD could help with both types of pain: inflammatory and neuropathic.
In short: The 2018 Farm Bill removed CBD from the definition of marijuana under the CSA, essentially making all CBD products with less than 0.3% THC legal.
Learn more: CBD is legal enough now that the TSA even says it’s okay to take your favorite non-intoxicating cannabinoid on planes. It’s likely that further legislation will come soon to clarify the current regulatory status of CBD.
What this all means for recreational marijuana nationwide is the real issue. Meaningful changes to CBD law won’t come until federal cannabis prohibition is lifted. In the meantime, increasingly relaxed regulations are helping reputable hemp manufacturers succeed and continue offering high-quality CBD flower products in all 50 states.
In short: CBD does not have any major side effects, but you’re always putting your health at risk when you choose to smoke.
Learn more: According to the latest research, CBD doesn’t have any common side effects aside from dry mouth and fatigue, but this cannabinoid can interact with certain medications. Smoking hemp appears to be less harmful than smoking cigarettes, but inhaling incinerated plant matter is inherently risky. Hemp companies that focus on organic products produce better smokes but try vaping to experience all the benefits of CBD flower without the guilt.
In short: We know a lot about the effects of CBD, and there’s also plenty we know about how substances you inhale affect your system.
Learn more: In addition to the research we listed above in relation to the effects of CBD, there’s also some information on pulmonary ingestion that you should know. The scientific term for inhaling, pulmonary ingestion is when you send a substance into your body via the tiny alveoli that line the insides of your lungs. According to some research, the bioavailability of inhaling substances may be higher than other ingestion methods, resulting in a more efficient and effective experience.
In short: CBD flower comes from hemp, the non-intoxicating form of cannabis.
Learn more: CBD flower and hemp flower are the same thing. While not intoxicating, hemp produces flowers just like marijuana. Since the dominant cannabinoid in hemp is usually CBD, not THC, the flowers of the non-intoxicating hemp plant are often called “CBD flower.”
In short: In recreational marijuana states, it may be possible to find CBD with THC added, but it might be best to avoid THC altogether.
Learn more: Lots of strains available where recreational marijuana is sold contain about 1:1 CBD:THC, which might be great for some patients. THC is intoxicating, however, and in addition to potentially making psychosis worse, this cannabinoid is also addictive. Use your best judgment when using THC-rich products.
In short: All CBD flower contains small amounts of THC. By law, CBD products must contain less than 0.3% THC.
Learn more: In the United States, Cannabis sativa must contain less than 0.3% THC to be considered hemp. Cannabis with THC concentrations exceeding this amount is considered marijuana, but hemp with low THC has lots of benefits. It’s non-intoxicating, and the CBD in hemp delivers many of the same benefits as THC without the side effects.
In short: CBD flower contains the full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids found in cannabis.
Learn more: Full-spectrum CBD contains all the natural oils that express in the flowering buds of Cannabis sativa. Other types of CBD, such as isolate and broad-spectrum, have been processed to remove some of the natural parts of this plant extract. CBD flower, however, is always full-spectrum.
In short: Just like marijuana, hemp flower can either be indica or sativa.
Learn more: It’s terpenes, not cannabinoids, that cause an either “indica” or “sativa” effect when you use cannabis. Whether the dominant cannabinoid is THC, CBD, CBG, CBN, or any other cannabinoid, therefore, indica and sativa traits will continue to express themselves. Indica-dominant CBD flower will help you relax without losing track of reality.
In short: Sativa-dominant CBD flower might be the right pick if you want increased energy levels.
Learn more: Just as with THC-rich strains, sativa-dominant CBD flower usually has a fruity aroma. This type of CBD flower gives you an energy rush without making you paranoid or anxious.
In short: CBD flower grown with organic methods is safer and of higher quality.
Learn more: Hemp is a bioaccumulator, which means that it accumulates toxins in the soil. Pesticides, fertilizers, and other common agricultural contaminants are unfortunately common in hemp products, but companies that place a focus on organic, sustainable practices produce safer CBD.
In short: Some CBD flower strains offer as much as 25% CBD.
Learn more: At the beginning of CBD-rich hemp breeding, it was rare to find a strain with more than 10% CBD. These days, however, 15-20% is the average, and some top-shelf CBD strains contain upwards of 25% CBD, which rivals the concentration of the highest grade of THC-rich marijuana.
In short: There are lots of places to buy CBD flower on the internet, but you get what you pay for.
Learn more: Buy CBD flower from the best to make sure you experience everything the legal hemp Renaissance has to offer. Only a few manufacturers in the country produce CBD flower that’s worth vaping or smoking, however. Use the information we’ve provided in this guide to make the right choice and pick the best CBD flower online.
In short: CBD flower pricing varies, but prices are usually roughly equal to the cost of medical or recreational marijuana.
Learn more: As you shop the market, you’ll probably find that prices for CBD flower go down the more you buy at a time. Some companies charge more than others, but the best CBD flower companies charge something similar to the prices you see at recreational marijuana shops. Ounces are often in the $200 range with 1/8oz sizes going from between $20 to $50.
There you have it! What has been your experience with CBD flower? Share it with us in the comments below.
CBD or cannabidiol, a natural plant compound, recently impacted the health and wellness market. CBD is growing in popularity among people who want a natural way to support their wellbeing.
Two CBD products in the market today are vying for attention and consumer patronage. These are CBD oil and CBD buds. Both products are sources of cannabidiol and come from the hemp plant. However, CBD oils are extracts from hemp, while the CBD buds are the flowers of the hemp plant and are available dried and unprocessed.
Where do you get CBD buds?
The CBD flower or bud comes only from the female hemp plants as the male plants only produce pollen sacs to pollinate the female plants. The hemp flowers are dense, sticky, and covered in hair-like trichomes, the primary parts that produce the cannabinoid and terpene.
Most people think hemp and marijuana are the same. But, to make things clear, hemp is a variety of the plant called Cannabis sativa, which is the same family as the marijuana (cannabis) plant. The two plants may look similar from afar, but upon closer inspection, they have physical differences in plant height, the position of leaves, and inflorescence.
The hemp plant contains more than 500 compounds, and about 100 of them are cannabinoids. Hemp is richer in cannabidiol, the non-intoxicating compound many people say provides therapeutic benefits. Hemp flowers also contain tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, which is the compound that marijuana contains in copious amounts. THC causes a ”high” sensation in marijuana users.
The CBD flower also contains THC, but the amount is less than 0.2 per cent. Thus, it cannot alter perception and mood or give users a ”high” feeling.
What does CBD flower do?
CBD flowers, without the “high-inducing” THC, can potentially alleviate various aches, pains, and ailments, which explains its increasing popularity. The high levels of CBD in the hemp flowers overpower the small amount of THC in the buds, suppressing the psychoactive effects of THC.
Farmers clip the CBD flowers directly from the hemp plants. They are dried but do not undergo any other preparation or production process. Instead, people smoke the flowers, vape them or add them to homemade oils, lotions, and edibles.
How CBD differs from cannabis
Confusion between the two products stems from their having the same ancestor. But marijuana and hemp are two different plants.
Farmers grow hemp for its flowers, seeds, and stalks for commercial use, particularly its flowers. Hemp stalks and seeds are used commercially in the food and textile sectors. They grow cannabis or marijuana chiefly for its psychotropic, euphoric, and calming effects.
The hemp plant has thinner leaves concentrated near the top of the plant. As a result, hemp is significantly taller and has fewer flowers than cannabis. High-quality CBD flowers are usually green, although the shade may vary depending on the species. Some show a mix of purple and green.
Now you know what makes CBD flowers different from its cousin. First, ensure that you check with a specialist before using CBD flowers, and on the same note, always buy the product from trustworthy suppliers.
In short: CBD flower contains the full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids found in cannabis. Learn more: Full-spectrum CBD contains all the natural oils that express in the flowering buds of Cannabis sativa.
CBD is the abbreviated form of cannabidiol which is a phytocannabinoid derived from Cannabis species. The cannabinoids are generally found in marijuana and hemp. But the CBD flower comes from hemp plants only.
There are so many uses of CBD flowers and whatever is made from it like CBD coconut oil, CBD honey, CBD tea, CBD kombucha, CBD seasoning, CBD capsules, and so on.
The cannabis plant contains more than 130 chemical compounds. But cannabidiol is the one which has got most of the focus because of the numerous benefits it offers.
Nowadays various products based on CBD are used to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, control anxiety and so many other cases.
CBD flower is the dried bud of a hemp plant. Unlike THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) which makes you high, CBD is non-psychoactive. It does not intoxicate you.
Farmers who have licenses can cultivate hemp strains that contain high levels of CBD. It has very little THC, less than .3%, far below the quantity needed to intoxicate someone.
CBD flower UK, for example, produces excellent products that provide all the benefits of CBD.
There is another interesting fact that you need to know. CBD counteracts THC which means it lessens the psychoactive effects of THC. That’s how the small amount of THC that exists in CBD flowers becomes insignificant because of the far strongly active CBD agent.
There are a wide variety of uses for this flower. Numerous benefits are announced across the advertisements. Some are essentially exaggerated. Others have truths. Here are some great benefits of CBD flowers:
The opposite results should be mentioned here too. Sometimes, however, CBD backfires and provokes cancer cells to grow and damages blood vessels. This might be the reason why no practical test of the CBD on the patients has been conducted so far.
There must be a practical and logical reason for CBD to act differently. All we need is to find out the reason and set CBD right for cancer treatment.
There are many ways that you can use CBD flower, or, more generally, cannabidiol. Every day newer ways are invented to ingest it more easily and effectively.
This is one of the most practiced forms of consuming CBD flowers. When you inhale, the CBD gets mixed with your bloodstream directly. Your blood then transports it to your brain, and you get the effect of CBD within 30 seconds to 3 minutes.
First, the CBD is mixed into creams or gels, then put inside a capsule to take orally. Some CBD rich oils can be applied to the skin
Scientific research reveals that the various cannabinoids that are present in the hemp flower give better results when they work together. This is called the entourage effect. During the research, it was observed that the individual forms of cannabinoids, when working together, involve what is known as synergy.
That’s why all the products that aim at providing maximum CBD benefits try to keep the extract from the hemp flower intact and not chemically resolved or separated.
In some parts of the USA, consumption of CBD flower is allowed when the THC concentration it contains is kept at .3% or lower than that. It is more or less the same in other parts of the world— CBD is legal and allowed under some moderate conditions. This is because when the THC is extracted out of marijuana it becomes greatly beneficial to so many health issues. Once this fact has been clinically proved there is little official suspicion and legislative prohibition left on CBD flowers.
Although the negative side effects of CBD flowers are few and mild in behavior some significant side effects have been noted when consumed in excess amount than needed. Here are some of them:
If you experience any of the side effects while taking cannabinoids you should see your house physician. You might as well reduce the amount of CBD you have been taking or stop taking it.
Whatever side effects or other negative facts about CBD are described it has won the laboratory green signal and positive results from those who have practically consumed it. To those who are on the natural health pursuit, CBD flower, including the new THCa Flower is the other name of trust and reliance.