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Where lower back pain?

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There are many common causes of lower back pain, including underlying chronic conditions.

The muscles and ligaments in the back can stretch or tear due to excess activity. Sudden movements can also cause sprains or strains.

Symptoms include pain and stiffness in the lower back as well as muscle spasms.

The discs in the back are prone to injury, and this risk increases with age.

The outside of the discs can tear or herniate.

A herniated disc is also known as a slipped or ruptured disc. It occurs when the cartilage surrounding a disc pushes against the spinal cord or nerve roots. The cushion that sits between the spinal vertebrae extends outside its usual position. This can result in the nerve root becoming compressed as it exits the spinal cord and vertebrae.

Possible causes include trauma and degenerative changes over time. Without treatment, pain from a herniated disc will typically last up to 6 weeks.

The sciatic nerve connects the spine to the legs.

If a herniated disc presses on the sciatic nerve, sciatica can occur. Sciatica can cause leg or foot pain that usually feels like burning, or pins and needles.

Spinal stenosis causes the spaces in your spine to narrow, putting pressure on the spinal cord and spinal nerves.

Spinal stenosis is commonly associated with the degeneration of the discs between the vertebrae. The result is compression of the nerve roots or spinal cord by bony spurs or soft tissues, such as discs.

Pressure on the spinal nerves causes symptoms such as:

You might feel these symptoms anywhere in the body. Many people with spinal stenosis notice their symptoms worsen when they stand or walk.

Conditions that cause unusual curvatures in the spine include:

These conditions are often present at birth and are usually first diagnosed during childhood or adolescence.

The unusual curvature can cause pain and poor posture because it places pressure on the:

However, some people may not have any symptoms.

Several other conditions can cause lower back pain. They’re usually accompanied by additional symptoms.

They include the following conditions, all associated with musculoskeletal pain:

Other health conditions that can cause lower back pain include:

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Kavi Kiran,
CHORAL DIRECTOR