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Once the rate equation is obtained, the entire composition of the mixture of all the species in the reaction can be understood.

The order of reaction can be defined as the power dependence of rate on the concentration of all reactants. For example, the rate of a first-order reaction is dependent solely on the concentration of one species in the reaction. Some characteristics of the reaction order for a chemical reaction are listed below.

In order to determine the reaction order, the power-law form of the rate equation is generally used. The expression of this form of the rate law is given by r = kxy.

In the expression described above, ‘r’ refers to the rate of reaction, ‘k’ is the rate constant of the reaction, and are the concentrations of the reactants. The exponents of the reactant concentrations x and y are referred to as partial orders of the reaction. Therefore, the sum of all the partial orders of the reaction yields the overall order of the reaction.

There are several different methods which can be followed in order to determine the reaction order. Some of these methods are described in this subsection.

Apart from these methods, there exist other ways to obtain the reaction order, such as the method of flooding in which the concentration of a single reactant is measured when all the other reactants are present in huge excess.

As discussed earlier, the value of the order of reaction may be in the form of an integer, zero, or a fraction. A graph detailing the reaction rates for different reaction orders can be found below.

Chemical reactions can be classified into the following types based on the dependence of the rate on the concentration.

The molecularity of a reaction refers to the number of atoms, molecules, or ions which must undergo a collision with each other in a short time interval for the chemical reaction to proceed. The key differences between molecularity and reaction order are tabulated below.

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What is order of rxn?


Image Source: Getty / mikroman6

A viral TikTok video explains how to properly gel cure your press-on nails. The clip is inspiring people to learn how to cure their own press-on manicure at home. Two nail experts explain how to gel cure press-on nails and the potential risks.

No beauty category has undergone quite as epic of a rebrand as press-on nails. In the early aughts, they had a reputation of being cheap and childish, with very few trendy design options. Fast forward to today, and they've become the preferred salon alternative for a quick and easy, on-trend manicure. Celebrities even wear them on the red carpet. This new interest in press-ons has seen countless brands come out with their own variations, and on TikTok, #pressonnails has over 3.5 billion views. One TikTok nail video, in particular, went viral recently for suggesting a new application method: gel curing.

Traditional application methods for press-ons include glue tabs and nail glue, but @sagittariusicedlatte shared a video on May 24 recommending that people try to gel cure press-on nails to make them last longer. "If there's any real advice I can offer to anybody in the world, it is this: buy cheap press-on nails — don't glue them, gel cure them," she says in the video.

Since posting, the 13-second clip has gotten four million views and thousands of questions from people asking how exactly it works. We're breaking it down for you below — and sharing the potential risks of trying it.

For the unfamiliar, gel curing is a type of nail application that involves using soft gel and an LED or UV light. The method is traditionally used with Aprés Nail gel-X extensions, but it can be utilized in other ways.

"Gel curing means applying a soft gel and curing it under an LED or UV light," Eunice Park, manicurist and research and development manager at Aprés Nail, tells POPSUGAR. "What she did was apply a gel onto the underside of the tip where you would normally apply glue, apply it to the nail, and hold it under an LED or UV light for 30 to 60 seconds."

The reason for doing this? It's more secure. "Builder gels have a stronger grip than your average nail glue and allow for a better soak-off removal," says Corey Weber, owner and creator of TheNailBox.Inc.

With the right tools, you can cure your press-on nails at home. Some supplies you'll need are a builder gel like the Beetles Gel Nail Polish Builder Gel ($7, originally $26), an LED or UV light like the Beetles Mini Nail LED Lamp ($16, originally $20), and the press-ons of your choice. However, not all press-on nails may work. "You have to make sure the press-on is sheer enough for the curing light to pass through," Park says. A good option would be the Kiss Disco Ball Voguish Fantasy Nail Kit ($8). "If the press-on is completely opaque in color, then the light can't pass through and cure the gel."

Once you have all of your tools, you can gel cure your press-on nails using the following steps.

Step 1: File, Trim, and Buff as Usual Whenever you apply a press-on manicure, you should always start by giving yourself a basic manicure by filing and trimming your nails, pushing back the cuticles, and buffing the surface. "When applying an enhancement, such as a press-on or an artificial nail, the nail plate should be lightly etched with a nail file or a coarse buffer," Weber says.

Step 2: Etch the Back of the Press-On Nail Once your nails are ready, use that same nail file to etch the back of your press-on where you would typically put the glue. "By etching both sides, the surface area is greatly increased and so is the gripping capability of the builder gel," Weber says. Then you want to clean the press-on and your natural nail with alcohol or acetone.

Step 3: Apply the Builder Gel Now, you're ready to apply the builder gel. "Apply a nail bonder to the nail plate, and apply the appropriate amount of builder gel to the press-on," Weber says. "Roll the press-on nail down into place starting by the cuticle and pushing it flat. Press until all bubbles have been removed." You also want to remove any excess gel around the press-on that's on your skin.

Step 4: Cure the Nail Under the LED Light After you've removed all gel from your skin and ensured there are no bubbles underneath, it's time to cure it under the LED/UV light. "You will need to keep pressure on the nail until it is properly and fully cured so bubbles do not appear." This should take around 30 to 60 seconds.

Before you gel cure all of your press-on manicures, you should be aware of the risks associated with this unique application method. "The most important element with gel curing press-ons is to ensure that the nail is properly cleaned with alcohol and absent of any bubbles during the curing process," Weber says. "If lifting or pockets occur under the press-on, moisture can become trapped and cause a potential infection or 'greenie,' which is a bacterial infection."

If your nails aren't clear enough, the LED light won't be able to penetrate through the press-on to cure the builder gel. Not only does this put you at risk of your nails popping off, but you can even develop an allergy to gel nail products if the uncured gel is left on on the surface of your nail. With this in mind, you should also attempt this hack with unpainted, clear press-on nails.

It's also worth noting that removal is a bit more difficult when you gel cure your press-on nails, as "they are more securely adhered onto the natural nail," Park says. "However, usually soaking with acetone should be enough to remove the tips."

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How to gel cure press on nails?


Rage now activates when a character reaches 20% health. The damage buff also correlates to the amount of health left. Less health means higher damage output. Tekken 7 also introduced Rage Arts and Rage Drives, powerful attacks only available while Rage is active.

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Is Lighthouse a good insurance company ?No Lighthouse insurance has an abundance of negative reviews from consumers How good is Lighthouse

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Catfish, shrimp and crawfish, oh my! Here are 7 seafood restaurants you need to try in Pearland · Facebook · Twitter · Email · D & G'S AMERICAN

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Camping in Ohio (near Cincinnati) · Winton Woods Campground · East Fork State Park · Miami Whitewater Forest Campground · Lake Isabella · Caesar

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// using standard exceptions
using namespace std;
class myexception: public exception {
  virtual const char* what() const throw() {
    return "My exception happened";
} myex; // declare instance of "myexception" named "myex"
int main () {
  try {
    throw myex; // alternatively use: throw myexception();
  } catch (exception& e) { // to be more specific use: (myexception& e)
    cout << e.what() << '\n';
  return 0;

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How to declare and define exception c++ (C++ Programming Language)