What is lrw in ielts?
More than 3 million students take IELTS annually, and more than 11,000 organisations recognise IELTS scores, including colleges, schools, and immigration officials.
The exam scores show that the students won’t encounter any communication issues in the country during their stay as they reflect a good command of the English language. In the blog, we have shared a detailed guide on the types of IELTS examinations you can take, the exam pattern, fees, and dates.
IELTS examines listening, reading, speaking, and writing as the four primary English language skills. You can give the IELTS exam in two ways: computer-based and paper-based. For computer-based tests: listening, writing, and reading are conducted virtually.
But the speaking test is performed in front of a certified IELTS examiner. There are two types of IELTS scores, the overall band and section band scores. The Overall Band Score is the average of the four section scores and is rounded to the nearest whole. In contrast, the Section Band Scores are the scores acquired in each IELTS test section.
Before learning more about the score criteria let’s check out some key facts about the exam:
With 379 million speakers globally, English is the third most widely spoken language. IELTS assesses a wide range of English language abilities, such as speaking, listening, writing, and reading. The exam aims to prepare candidates for situations they may encounter in the real world, such as interacting with international students at college, coworkers, or even travelling abroad.
For the following reasons, the IELTS test is necessary if you intend to pursue a career abroad:
IELTS scores, a degree, and academic performance are equally required for admission. The higher the university ranking, the higher the IELTS score requirement. Foreign universities consider these IELTS scores at the undergraduate, graduate, and professional levels to determine if a student can keep up with the program’s medium of instruction, i.e. English.
IELTS scores are required for courses that are taught in English in many non-English speaking nations as well. Universities typically set minimum IELTS requirements for applicants to be considered for admission.
Over 3,400 USA institutes recognise IELTS; 600 UK universities; 42 Australian universities accept IELTS scores of 5.5 or above; over 89 universities in Canada accept 6.5 IELTS scores and above; and 8 universities in New Zealand accept 5.5 scores and above.
If you want to get the above scores and go to your desired country, you need to consistent preparation. IELT prep app by LeapScholar can be your prep assistant throughout the process. You will get access to the guidance from the most efficient IELTS counsellors. Join us, download our IELTS prep app and get access to the timed mock tests, question types, samples and specially crafted lessons
The IELTS test is a part of the application process used by government agencies to seek citizenship or Permanent Residency (PR). They look at how well people can fit into society and the workforce and how strongly language proficiency smoothens the process.
If you want to immigrate to nations like Australia, Canada, New Zealand, or the UK, you might need to take the IELTS test. Immigration officials may ask you for proof of your English language proficiency if you intend to immigrate to an English-speaking nation.
The most important reason, a high IELTS score is required to be granted a work visa. Large brands and organisations need an excellent IELTS score because communication is a fundamental skill for employment. Developed nations like the USA, Australia, Europe, Canada, and the UK value a high IELTS score when offering employment opportunities.
The three types of IELTS exams can be taken online or offline:
This format is suitable for students wanting to pursue higher education in an English-speaking University. It is also ideal for professional registration purposes.
It is suitable for candidates pursuing studies below the degree level, including in schools and colleges. IELTS general training is also helpful for work experience or employment training.
The IELTS for UK Visas and Immigration (IELTS UKVI) is a government-approved Secure English Language Test (SLET) required for work, study, and immigration purposes in the UK. This means that IELTS can verify your English language proficiency in support of a UK Visa and Immigration (UKVI) application.
Other IELTS tests are available for the UK immigration process, like the IELTS Life Skills A1, IELTS Life Skills A2, and IELTS Life Skills B1. IELTS Life Skills A1 is for people applying to UK Visas “family of a settled person” visas IELTS Life Skills A2 is about applying for a UK visa and immigration for a family, spouse, or partner visa. IELTS Life Skills B1 is for indefinite leave to remain or get UK citizenship.
IELTS Listening, Reading, and Writing tests are conducted on the same day, while the Speaking test is taken up to a week before or after the exam day. The total exam duration is 2 hours and 45 minutes. Let’s look at each of the four academic and general training modules.
IELTS registration is available online or offline at the nearby IDP branch.
1. Visit www.ieltsidpindia.com
2. Click the “Register for IELTS” option
3. Select a preferred test IELTS computer or paper-based (IELTS, IELTS for UKVI or Life Skills)
4. Choose your test module: A1 or B1 for Life Skills, Academic or General Training for IELTS, and IELTS for UKVI
5. Select the test centre
6. Choose from the list of dates & times that fit your preferences
7. Complete your online application by entering the necessary information
8. To finish the process, upload a clear, colour copy of your passport9. Pay your IELTS exam fee
The IELTS exam fee varies according to the test type. Detailed information is added in the table below:
The IELTS fee can be paid in the following ways:
You can request a recheck if you are dissatisfied with your IELTS scores within six weeks of the test dates. You must complete the application process and submit ₹ 11,625 as rechecking fee.
Medical emergency or last-moment cancellation? You need to know these points if you are expecting a refund.
Recently, IELTS Online has been introduced, where you can take the test from the comfort of your home. You have freedom regarding where and when you can take your test.
It contains the same topics and features as IELTS tests taken in a testing facility on paper or computer. The IELTS Online test’s Listening, Reading, and Writing sections are administered similarly to the IELTS computer test. But an accredited IELTS examiner will make an online video call for the Speaking test.
Only a small number of nations, including Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Cameroon, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Germany, Ghana, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Italy, Jamaica, Macao, Malaysia, Morocco, Myanmar, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, and Zimbabwe, offer IELTS Online.
IELTS experts said there is rising demand for the IELTS Online, which offers the same features and substance as the IELTS Academic test-centre version but with more flexibility.
You need time to prepare for taking the IELTS Academic, General Training, or UKVI tests. By booking your test date in advance, you will have time to prepare or a higher chance of earning a good band score. We have listed below the IELTS test dates for October, November, and December:
Here is a final fact-sharing, you can schedule the computer-based IELTS speaking test within 5 days before your Listening, Reading, and Writing (LRW) test date. Additionally, a slot within 7 days before or after your Writing, Reading, and Listening (WRL) exam can be booked for the IELTS Speaking test, which is administered on paper.
Concluding the blog with a few handy LeapScholar’s IELTS preparation tips- Don’t memorise; solve the easy questions first; use a wide range of grammatical structure; ask for clarification if any doubt arises during the speaking test, and practice well before the exam. Or simply join Leap’s IELTS courses to ensure your performance is strong on the test day.
After joining, you will have access to daily live courses, study materials, writing and speaking assessments, mock tests, class recordings, a certificate of completion, grammar classes, and one-on-one doubt clarification with India’s Best Educators. If you are yet to apply for a visa or cannot decide which University to choose, book a demo with Leap’s Expert Counsellors to get all your study-abroad journey sorted.
You will take the Listening, Reading and Writing tests - all on the same day, one after the other, with no breaks in between.
Depending on your test centre, your Speaking test may be on the same day as the other three tests, or up to seven days before or after that.
The total test time is under three hours.
You deserve a fair chance to do your best.
That is why, unlike other tests, IELTS gives you a quiet room for the Speaking test, with no distractions or interruptions.
IELTS also recognises that candidates have different approaches to answering questions. For example, with IELTS, you can answer questions in the order that suits you and you can make changes to your Reading answers and Writing responses at any time during the Reading and Writing sections.
Both versions of IELTS - Academic and General Training - cover all four language skills: Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. Each section of the test is outlined below.
(Duration: 30 minutes)
You will listen to four recorded texts – monologues and conversations by a range of native speakers – and write the answers to a series of questions.
These include questions that test your ability to understand main ideas and detailed factual information, as well as the opinions and attitudes of the speakers.
They also test your ability to understand the purpose of what is said and to follow the development of ideas.
A variety of voices and native-speaker accents is used during the test, and you will hear each section only once.
The Listening component is the same for both Academic and General Training versions.
A conversation between two people set in an everyday social context, such as a conversation in an accommodation agency.
A monologue set in an everyday social context, like a speech about local facilities.
A conversation between up to four people set in an educational or training context, such as a university tutor and a student discussing an assignment.
A monologue on an academic subject, like a university lecture.
(Duration: 60 minutes)
The Reading component comprises 40 questions. A variety of question types is used to test a wide range of reading skills.
This includes reading for gist, main ideas, detail, skimming, understanding logical argument and recognising writers’ opinions, attitudes and purpose.
The Academic version includes three long texts, which range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical. The texts are authentic and are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers.
These have been selected for a non-specialist audience but are suitable for anyone entering undergraduate or postgraduate courses, or seeking professional registration.
The General Training version requires you to read extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines.
These are materials you are likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English-speaking environment.
(Duration: 60 minutes)
The Writing component of the Academic version includes two tasks.
The topics are of general interest to, and suitable for, anyone entering undergraduate or postgraduate studies or seeking professional registration.
You will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and are asked to describe, summarise or explain the information in your own words.
You may be asked to describe and explain data, explain the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event.
You will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem.
Responses to both tasks must be written in a formal style.
The Writing component of the General Training version includes two tasks, which are based on topics of general interest.
You will be presented with a situation and asked to write a letter requesting information or explaining the situation. The letter may be personal, semi-formal or formal in style.
You will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. The essay can be slightly more personal in style than the Academic Writing Task 2 essay.
(Duration: 11 to 14 minutes)
The Speaking component assesses your use of spoken English and takes between 11 and 14 minutes to complete. Every test is recorded.
The Speaking component is the same for both Academic and General Training versions, just like the Listening component.
You will be asked to answer general questions about yourself and a range of familiar topics, such as your home, family, work, studies and interests. This part lasts between four to five minutes.
You will be given a card that asks you to talk about a particular topic. You will have one minute to prepare before speaking for up to two minutes.
The examiner then asks you one or two questions on the same topic to finish this part of the test.
You will be asked further questions connected to the topic in Part 2. These questions give you an opportunity to discuss more abstract issues and ideas.
This part lasts between four to five minutes.
The Speaking component is delivered in such a way that your responses would be spontaneous.
The Listening, Reading and Writing sections of all IELTS tests are completed on the same day, with no breaks in between them.
You will listen to four recordings of native English speakers and then write your answers to a series of questions.
Paper format: There are four parts with ten questions each. The questions are designed so that the answers appear in the order they are heard in the audio.
The first two parts deal with situations set in everyday social contexts. In Part 1, there is a conversation between two speakers (for example, a conversation about travel arrangements), and in Part 2, there is a monologue in (for example, a speech about local facilities). The final two parts deal with situations set in educational and training contexts. In Part 3, there is a conversation between two main speakers (for example, two university students in discussion, perhaps guided by a tutor), and in Part 4, there is a monologue on an academic subject.
The recordings are heard only once. They include a range of accents, including British, Australian, New Zealand, American and Canadian.
Timing: Approximately 30 minutes (plus 10 minutes transfer time).
No. of questions: 40
Task types: A variety of question types are used, chosen from the following: multiple choice, matching, plan/map/diagram labelling, form/note/table/flow-chart/summary completion, sentence completion.
Answering: Test takers write their answers on the question paper as they listen and at the end of the test are given 10 minutes to transfer their answers to an answer sheet. Care should be taken when writing answers on the answer sheet as poor spelling and grammar are penalised.
Marks: Each question is worth 1 mark.
A detailed look at the paper with links to related resources.
Task type and format: In multiple choice tasks, there is a question followed by three possible answers, or the beginning of a sentence followed by three possible ways to complete the sentence. Test takers are required to choose the one correct answer - A, B or C. Sometimes, test takers are given a longer list of possible answers and told that they have to choose more than one. In this case, they should read the question carefully to check how many answers are required.
Task focus: Multiple choice questions are used to test a wide range of skills. The test taker may be required to have a detailed understanding of specific points or an overall understanding of the main points of the listening text.
No. of questions: Variable
Task type and format: Test takers are required to match a numbered list of items from the listening text to a set of options on the question paper. The set of options may be criteria of some kind.
Task focus: Matching assesses the skill of listening for detail and whether a test taker can understand information given in a conversation on an everyday topic, such as the different types of hotel or guest house accommodation. It also assesses the ability to follow a conversation between two people. It may also be used to assess test takers’ ability to recognise relationships and connections between facts in the listening text.
No. of questions: Variable
Task type and format: Test takers are required to complete labels on a plan (eg of a building), map (eg of part of a town) or diagram (e.g. of a piece of equipment). The answers are usually selected from a list on the question paper.
Task focus: This type of task assesses the ability to understand, for example, a description of a place, and to relate this to a visual representation. This may include being able to follow language expressing spatial relationships and directions (e.g. straight on/through the far door).
No. of questions: Variable
Task type and format: Test takers are required to fill in the gaps in an outline of part or of all of the listening text. The outline will focus on the main ideas/facts in the text. It may be:
1. a form: often used to record factual details such as names 2. a set of notes: used to summarise any type of information using the layout to show how different items relate to one another 3. a table: used as a way of summarising information which relates to clear categories – e.g. place/time/price, 4. a flow-chart: used to summarise a process which has clear stages, with the direction of the process shown by arrows.
Test takers may have to select their answers from a list on the question paper or identify the missing words from the recording, keeping to the word limit stated in the instructions. Test takers do not have to change the words from the recording in any way.
Test takers should read the instructions very carefully as the number of words or numbers they should use to fill the gaps will vary. A word limit is given, for example, ‘NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER’. Test takers are penalised for writing more than the stated number of words, and test takers should check this word limit carefully for each task. Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words.
Task focus: This focuses on the main points which a listener would naturally record in this type of situation.
No. of questions: Variable
Task type and format: Test takers are required to read a set of sentences summarising key information from all the listening text or from one part of it. They then fill a gap in each sentence using information from the listening text. A word limit is given, for example, ‘NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER’.
Test takers are penalised for writing more than the stated number of words. (Test takers should check this word limit carefully for each task: the limit is either ONE, TWO or THREE words). Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words.
Task focus: Sentence completion focuses on the ability to identify the key information in a listening text. Test takers have to understand functional relationships such as cause and effect.
No. of questions: Variable
Task type and format: Test takers are required to read a question and then write a short answer using information from the listening text. A word limit is given, for example, ‘NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER’. Test takers are penalised for writing more than the stated number of words. (Test takers should check this word limit carefully for each task.) Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words. Sometimes test takers are given a question which asks them to list two or three points.
Task focus: Sentence completion focuses on the ability to listen for concrete facts, such as places, prices or times, within the listening text.
No. of questions: Variable
The Listening test is marked by certificated markers, who are regularly monitored to ensure their reliability. All answer sheets, after being marked, are further analysed by Cambridge English.
Band score conversion
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